Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in a working population of strategic services
Gloria Jesús Garcia Domínguez1, Beatriz Sainz Vera1, Nuria Alonso Blasi2, Oliva Mera Gallardo1, Maria del Mar Cortes Peña2 & Antonio Ares Amerino3
Background: The increased incidence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is one of the causes of expansion of Type II diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Persons with Mets have higher chance of suffering a cardiovascular disease and dying from this cause that people without this disorder.
The MetS is characterized by glucose intolerance, dyslipidemia, obesity and hypertension. In certain populations has a high prevalence rate, exceeding 20%.
Objective: Knowing the prevalence of MS in a working population of fire-fighters.
Methodology: Cross sectional descriptive study.
From a workforce of 600 people, analyzed data from health surveillance of a group and 352 (342 men and 10 women). Year 2009.
Variables were studied: blood glucose, triglycerides, weight, height, body mass index, abdominal obesity, hypertesion.
For the diagnosis of MetS criteria were followed NCEP-ATP III (Adult Treatment Panel III. Cholstestrol National Education Program).
Statistical calculations were performed with the program Stagrphics Plus.
Results: The prevalence of MetS was 12.78%. All were male.
Average age: 38.77 years (S.D. 8.27). Glucose: 93.62 mg/dl (S.D 10.52). Total Cholesterol: 200.17 mg/dl (S.D 36.62). HDL Cholesterol: 51.51 mg/dl (S.D 12.50). LDL Cholesterol: 125.86 mg/dl (31.34). Weight: 78.58 kg (S.D 10.15). Size: 173.31 cm (S.D 46.03). BMI: 26.23 (S.D 2.97).
They had at least one criterion of MetS 35.79% of the population.
At least two criteria of MetS 20.74% of the population.
Three criteria of MetS 12.78% of the population.
Four criteria for MetS 3.12% of the population.
Five criteria for MetS 0.57% of the population.
Conclusion: The prevalence of MetS in this group of workers is below average in the reference population.