Calculation of cardiovascular risk in firefighters
Oliva Mera Gallardo1, Beatriz Sainz Vera1, Nuria Alonso Blasi2, Gloria Jesús García Domínguez1, María del Mar Cortés Peña2 & Antonio Ares Camerino3
Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of premature mortality throughout the western world and a major cause of disability. Most cases of CVD are related to lifestyle behaviors, biochemical and physiological factors modifiable. The modification of cardiovascular risk has shown its ability to reduce mortality and morbidity from CVD, particularly in high-risk subjects.
Objective: Measuring cardiovascular risk at 5 and 10 years in a working population of fire-fighters.
Method: Cross sectional descriptive study.
Of a population of 600 workers was carried out cardiovascular risk measurement to a group of 352 (342 men and 10 women). Year 2009.
Following the recommendations of the European Guidelines on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice 2008, SCORE model was used to calculate the risk (age, sex, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, diabetes and smoke).
Results: The average age in the study population was 38.77 years (S.D. 8.27). The 97.16% were men. The 19.89% were smokers, with an average of 12.67 cigarettes/day.
SBP raised the 25.28% of the 17.01% high blood glucose elevated total cholesterol 49.43%, low HDL cholesterol, 17.61%.
The average 5-year cardiovascular risk was 2.03%, and 10-year 4.59%.
The distribution of risk s discussed in the following Table:
|5 Years||10 Years|
|Low risk||348 (98.86%)||320 (90.91%)|
|Medium risk|| 4 (1.14%)|| 18 (5.11%)|
|High risk|| 0|| 14 (3.98%)|