Depression, anxiety, quality of life and sleep in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus
Inan Anaforoglu, Volkan Atasoy, Ekrem Algün & Remzi Kutanis
Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the quality of life, depression, anxiety and quality of sleepiness and to determine the variables of illness and sociodemographic features among type 1 diabetic patients.
Materials and methods: SF-36 quality of life (QOL) Scale, beck depression inventory, state-trait anxiety inventory form and epworth sleepiness scale have been used to evaluate 58 diabetic patients and 58 control subject (31.9±8.5 vs 31.8±7.4 years/P=0.926, respectively and 53.4% of patients were female in diabetic group and 51.7% in control group/P=0.852).
Results: Role physical, general health, role emotional and mental health scores were worse than control group in diabetic patients, physical function, bodily pain, vitality and social function scores were similar between groups. Depression and anxiety were detected to become more frequent among diabetic patients. There was no difference in terms of quality of sleepiness. The QOL was found to be related with presence of depression and anxiety. It was revealed that diabetic retinopathy has a negative impact on role emotional as well as diabetic nephropathy. Anxiety was more common among patients who had diabetic nephropathy and history of previous hospitalisation. Role physical, general health, role emotional were impaired in patients with diabetic neuropathy. There was no relationship between duration of ilness, body mass index, HbA1c and QOL, depression, anxiety.
Conclusion: Diabetic patients are more prone to have depression, anxiety and to have deterioration of QOL. These patients should be observed carefully during their management in terms of depression, anxiety and QOL.