Depression, anxiety, quality of life and sleepiness in family members of type 2 diabetic patients
Inan Anaforoglu1, Ibrahim Ramazanogullari2, Remzi Kutanis3 & Ekrem Algun1
Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the quality of life, depression, anxiety and quality of sleepiness and to determine the variables of illness and sociodemographic features among family members of type 2 diabetic patients.
Materials and methods: SF-36 quality of life (QOL) scale, beck depression inventory (BDI), state-trait anxiety inventory form (STAI TX-I, STAI TX-II) and epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) have been used to evaluate first degree family member of 50 diabetic patient and 50 control subject. The groups were similar in terms of age, sex, health insurance, educational status, marital and financial status.
Results: BDI scores were higher in family members; depression was detected to become more frequent among diabetic patients family members (P=0.001). The QOL of control subjects was found to be better than family members, but the difference was not significant for the components of QOL (role physical, role emotional, general health, mental health scores, physical function, bodily pain, vitality; P=0.088, 0.069, 0.067, 0.114, 0.089, 0.307, 0.239 respectively) except the social function (P=0). There was no difference in terms of quality of sleepiness and anxiety (ESS; P=0.534, STAI TX-I; P=0.637, STAI TX-II; P=0.896).
Conclusion: Diabetic patients family members are more prone to have depression and to have deterioration of QOL.