ISSN 1470-3947 (print)
ISSN 1479-6848 (online)

Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences in endocrinology

Published by BioScientifica
Endocrine Abstracts (2010) 22 P303 
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Metabolic control in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus in Belarus

Maryia Rusalenko1 & Tatiana Mokhort2

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In spite of achievements in diabetology on insulinotherapy optimization, the number of patients with T1DM, who do not achieve target indicators of compensation, remains to be high.

Objective: To estimate compensation and frequency of self-control carrying out among patients with T1DM in Belarus.

Materials and methods: Total 965 patients with T1DM (467m, 498f), mean age (M±m) 34.33±0.51 years (1.80–72.75), age of T1D manifestation 22.17±0.43 years special form including questions about T1DM. HbA1c (%) was measured by biochemical analyzer ‘ARCHITECT c8000’ (Abbott).

Results: The level of HbA1c>7.5% in all age groups. Among patients aged 40–59, HbA1c is higher among females (8.74±0.13) than among males (8.35±0.16; P<0.01). The greatest proportion comprised patients with HbA1c level >9%, that was found in 31% of people above 60 years, in 71% of adolescents; and patients with HbA1c level of 8–8.9% that was found in 13% of adolescents, 23% of people above 60. Forty-two percent of patients (females above 40 years old) were found to have overweight (BMI>25 kg/m2). Frequency of self-control (29.58±1.55 per month) and actual hypoglycemias (5.96±0.31 per month) is higher among females (P<0.001). Maximal frequency of self-control were revealed among children aged 1–9 (among boys 75.29±18.49, among girls 82.04±10.92) and minimal frequency – among patient above 60 years old (among males 6.6±4.09, among females 7.9±1.85; P<0.01). Hypoglycemia frequency was found to be maximal in girls aged 1–9 (6.63±1.19) and minimal in males aged 40–59 (3.87±0.45; P<0.001).

Conclusion: Basic proportion (62.07%) of patients with T1DM have negative compensation that is associated with high risk of late complications (HbA1c>8%). Low level of compensation is the result of self-control low frequency and hypoglycemia high frequency, especially among children and adolescents, and is accompanied by high frequency of overweight among females over 40 years old.

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