Profile of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Surabaya, Indonesia
Olivia Handayani & Hans Tandra
Objective: To document the anthropometrics indices and other characteristics of patients with type 2 diabetes who attending the clinic of diabetes.
Methodology: The patients data, anthropometric indices, co-morbidities and pattern of therapies were documented in a cross-sectional study of 500 patients attending Diabetes Clinic of Surabaya, Indonesia over a 3-month period. Quantitative data were analyzed using the statistic Students t-test and a P value of ≤0.05 was regarded significant.
Results and discussion: Three hundred and fifty-two (70.4%) of the subjects were women and their ages ranged from 24 to 77 years and the mean (±S.D.) age were 56.8±10.7 years. Men 55.9±11.2, was lower than that of the women 59.7±12.1, this however was not statistically significant (P≥0.05). The mean body mass index (BMI) of the subjects 26.9±5.4, women having a higher mean BMI (27.8±4.3) than men (26.4±5.2). The proportion of central obesity was similar between men (53%) and women (50%). Hypertension was documented in 300 (60%), and the male: female ratio of these was 1.3:1. Most of the subjects (86.2%) were treated with oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs), 10.1% with the combination of insulin and OHAs, and only 3.7% were on insulin therapy alone. Only 187 (37.4%) of the subjects met the glycemic target of HbA1c ≤6.5%.
Conclusion: The type 2 diabetic patients who attend our diabetes clinic is mostly middle-aged woman, overweight, some of them with systemic hypertension. OHAs are averagely used in those patients. Only one third of them were well controlled. DM education and lifestyle modification are recommended in achieving a better profile of diabetic patients.