Relationship between obesity and classic cardiovascular risk factors
José Javier Gómez-Barrado1,2, José Polo2, Juan Ramon Gómez-Martino1,2, Alfonso Barquilla2, Jorge Vega1,2, Soledad Turégano2, Rocío Gallego1,2 & Francisco Javier Garcipérez de Vargas1,2
Obesity is a disease very prevalent and often associated with morbidities and cardiovascular risk factors. We explore the relationship between the presence of obesity with cardiovascular risk factors more frequent and the presence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) after (ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral artery).
Material and methods: A sample of 1491 individuals of both sexes, over 14 years, elected by random sampling three of the general population in the province of Cáceres (Spain) they were determined the weight and height (BMI) and they were interrogated about the presence of CVD prior, smoking, hypertension and diabetes, and the taking of medication hipolipemiante.
The statistical analysis was conducted using the statistical package SPSS of health sciences. We used the test of chi square for quantitative variables and the t-Student for qualitative variable.
Results: Presented obesity (BMI≥30) the 18.3 percent of the population.
Conclusions: The double of the obese in the province of Cáceres have a history of CVD. Dislipidemia have more than double and presented three times more HTA and diabetes mellitus; however the obese are fewer smokers.