Endocrine Abstracts (2011) 26 S22.2

Vasopressin and social odour processing in the olfactory system

M Ludwig

University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

Central vasopressin facilitates social recognition and modulates numerous complex social behaviours in mammals, including parental behaviour, aggression, affiliation and pair-bonding. In rodents, social interactions are primarily mediated by the exchange of olfactory information, and there is evidence that vasopressin signalling is important in brain areas where olfactory information is processed. We recently discovered that the rat olfactory bulb (OB)1 and the anterior olfactory nucleus (AON)2 contain large populations of interneurones which express and release vasopressin. In the OB, single cell recordings from mitral cells in vivo showed that vasopressin modulates the processing of information by olfactory bulb neurones. Blocking the actions of vasopressin in the OB (using antagonists or small interference RNA against the vasopressin V1a receptor, or local selective destruction of vasopressin cells with diphtheria toxin in transgenic rats) impairs the social recognition abilities of rats. The treatments impaired habituation/dishabituation to juvenile cues, but not to volatile odours or object recognition, and did not affect locomotor activity or anxiety-related behaviours. Adult rats exposed to a conspecific juvenile showed increased Egr-1 expression in vasopressin neurones in multiple subdivisions of AON as compared to animals exposed to no odour or a non-social odour. These data suggest that vasopressin neurones in the AON may also play an important role in the coding of social odour information. The findings indicate that the vasopressin process olfactory signals relevant to social discrimination and vasopressin release may be involved in filtering out familiar signals.

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