Introduction: The discovery of incidental thyroid carcinomas (ITC) in patients undergoing surgery for a benign disease range between 3 and 16% of cases. During years, patients with hyperthyroidism were considered protected by TSH suppression (TSH is well known factor that favors the development of thyroid cancer). Thyroid size might be a predictive factor due to the excess of thyroid tissue prone to mutations. The knowledge of determining factors foretelling the presence of undiagnosed thyroid carcinomas would be interesting since these tumours not always have an indolent course.
Description of methods/design: We evaluate retrospectively 568 patients with total thyroidectomy operated on for reasons other than malignancy between 2005 and 2011. We compare demographic and clinical characteristics between two groups: patients without ITC and patients with discovery of ITC in final pathological study of thyroid. Analysis included age, sex distribution, preoperative hyperfunction, pathology of benign tissue (adenoma vs hyperplasia/inflammation), and thyroid size measured by weight.
Results: ITC was discovered in 79 of 568 operated patients (13.9%). Average age in patients with ITC was 54.6±14.6 years while 55.1±12.1 years in non-ITC patients (P=0.75). Mean weight in thyroid harboring ITC (54.2±43 g) was significant lesser than in non malignant glands (76.9±76.2 g; P=0.011). There were 84 hyperthyroid patients, ten in the ITC group, without significant difference (P=0,73). Final diagnosis included 152 adenomas and 416 hyperplasic or inflammatory glands, without difference between both groups (χ2 P=0.79). Sex did not influence in the detection of ITC, with nine cases in 69 males, and 70 in 499 females.
Conclusion: The incidence of ITC in our thyroidectomized patients is 13.9%, similar to previously published. Neither age nor sex were useful clues to suspect ITC. Thyroid hyperfunction does not protect from ITC. Adjacent pathology is not relevant to the appearance of ITC in an operated benign thyroid. The only parameter associated with more prevalent ITC was a lesser weight of the dissected thyroid.
27 Apr - 01 May 2013
European Society of Endocrinology