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Endocrine Abstracts (2019) 65 S5.1 | DOI: 10.1530/endoabs.65.S5.1

SFEBES2019 SYMPOSIA Stress – The rhythm of life (3 abstracts)

The interplay between stress, biological clocks and metabolic function

Henrik Oster

University of Luebeck, Luebeck, Germany

In modern societies, the risk of developing metabolic disorders such as obesity or type-2 diabetes is associated with the prevalence of psychosocial stress. Therefore, an improved understanding of adaptive stress responses and their underlying molecular mechanisms is of high clinical interest. In response to an acute stressor, animals activate the sympathetic nervous system and the hypothalamus–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis releasing catecholamines and glucocorticoids (GCs) into the circulation. Recent data suggest that stress responses are also regulated by the endogenous circadian clock adapting physiology and behavior to the environmental changes brought about by the Earth’s rotation around its axis. Thus, the timing of stress may critically affect adaptive responses to and the pathological effects of repetitive stressor exposure. We have studied the role of different tissue clocks on the regulation of HPA axis activity in mice. We further characterized the impact of predictable social defeat stress during daytime versus nighttime on metabolic regulation and HPA axis activity. Repeated nighttime stressor exposure led to alterations in food metabolization and reduced HPA axis activity with lower circulating adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and GC concentrations at the time of predicted stressor exposure. Together, our data suggest a circadian gating of stress adaptation at the level of the HPA axis with impact on metabolic homeostasis.

Volume 65

Society for Endocrinology BES 2019

Brighton, United Kingdom
11 Nov 2019 - 13 Nov 2019

Society for Endocrinology 

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