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Endocrine Abstracts (2024) 99 EP673 | DOI: 10.1530/endoabs.99.EP673

1The national institut of nutrition of Tunis, Department C, Tunisia; 2Nutrition studies university, Tunisia; 3Charles Nicole Hospital,
Pneumology Department, Tunisia

Introduction: Asthma is a multifactorial disease, resulting from the interaction of genetic, environmental, behavioral and social factors. These components can play a role in disease onset, progression and control. More specifically, one of the factors that could influence asthma control is obesity. The aim of this study was to analyze the anthropometric profile and body composition of a population with asthma.

Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study over 6 weeks, involving 40 patients followed up at the pulmonology outpatient clinic. Patients included in the study had their weight, height and BMI measured. Body composition was studied using a professional bioelectrical impedance meter.

Results: The population comprised 32 women and 8 men, with a mean age of 46.15±14.13 years. Mean weight was 75.9±12.6 kg with a mean BMI of 29.1±5.7 kg/m2;. Three quarters of the study population were overweight: 27.5% were overweight, 30% were obese class 1 and 17.5% were obese class 2. Regarding the results of the body composition study: mean body fat was 34.96±10%; mean fat mass was 27.56±10.76 kg; mean lean mass was 48.92±6.65 kg and bone mass was 2.38±0.30 kg. Mean visceral fat was 8.88±4.07 kg. Poor asthma control was associated with higher fat mass, but p was not significant.

Conclusion: Obesity is among the key factors contributing to poor asthma control. By adopting a multidisciplinary approach involving dieticians and physiologists, it is possible to optimize clinical outcomes and provide patients with comprehensive management to facilitate the adoption and maintenance of good dietary habits, by providing specialized and personalized support.

Volume 99

26th European Congress of Endocrinology

Stockholm, Sweden
11 May 2024 - 14 May 2024

European Society of Endocrinology 

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