Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences in endocrinology

ea0081ep1140 | Thyroid | ECE2022

Sonographic features of autoimmune thyroiditis - a clinical perspective

Anandappa Samantha , Velusamy Anand

Autoimmune Hypothyroidism is a common clinical condition with a suggested prevalence of up to 12% of the population. The subsequent enlargement of the thyroid gland caused by circulating thyroid antibodies can cause neck discomfort warranting a referral to the thyroid ultrasound (USG) clinic. The USG characteristics of autoimmune hypothyroidism can be challenging to grade and the atypical appearances often makes it difficult to exclude a mitotic lesion. We have set forward few...

ea0077p257 | Thyroid | SFEBES2021

Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy: organic psychosis vs catatonic schizophrenia

Khalid Maha , Malik Mohamed , Anandappa Samantha , Sivappriyan Siva , Kumar Jesse

32 year old female with no prior past medical problems presented to hospital with a two week history of rapid onset delusional psychosis with religious themes, paranoid ideas and rapidly developing into catatonia. There was no previous history of psychiatric disorders. On physical examination the Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) was 15 and she was responding to visual hallucinations; speaking to imaginary person and reported seeing objects. She was afebrile and bedside observations we...

ea0055wa5 | Workshop A: Disorders of the hypothalamus and pituitary (I) | SFEEU2018

Selective-Serotonin-Re-uptake inhibitor induced SIADH on a background of post-operative Diabetes Insipidus

Ilangaratne Charmaine , Anandappa Samantha , Ogunko Arthur , Mohandas Cynthia , Abedo Itopa

We present a case of a 79 year old gentleman who attended the emergency department with a one day history of acute confusion and hallucinations. His background included trans-sphenoidal surgery for a gonadotrophic pituitary macro-adenoma in 2012 with subsequent panhypopituitarism and post-operative diabetes insipidus. He also had a history of restless-leg-syndrome for which he took Amitriptyline chronically, COPD and tablet-controlled diabetes mellitus. Of significant note, th...

ea0055we4 | Workshop E: Disorders of the adrenal gland | SFEEU2018

Challenging diagnosis of phaeochromocytoma

Anandappa Samantha , Ilangaratne Charmaine , Abedo Itopa , Ogunko Arthur , Mohandas Cynthia

A 64 year old female with a background history of hypertension resistant to dual therapy had recurrent admissions to the local emergency department with pulmonary oedema and chest tightness over the preceding 3 months associated with fluctuations in Troponin I levels. This led to multiple cardiac investigations including invasive coronary angiogram which did not report any abnormality. Her blood pressure was elevated at 200/120 mmHg and an electrocardiogram demonstrated sinus ...

ea0055wg4 | Workshop G: Disorders of the parathyroid glands, calcium metabolism and bone | SFEEU2018

Generalised convulsions as a presentation of severe hypocalcaemia secondary to Vitamin D deficiency: An uncommon presentation of a common condition

Anandappa Samantha , Rajakumar Lavarniya , Affam Dora , Sivappriyan Siva , Kumar Jesse

A 36 year old female patient presented to the emergency department with a generalised tonic-clonic seizure. She had a past medical history of epilepsy and tuberous sclerosis. Her medication prior to hospital admission was Tegretol which had controlled her seizures well for many years. On admission, the adjusted calcium level was 1.4 mmol/l with a raised ALP 508 U/l and a phosphate within the normal reference range at 1.1 mmol/l. Magnesium was also within the normal reference r...

ea0082we1 | Workshop E: Disorders of the gonads | SFEEU2022

How to solve the Rubik’s cube? A case of functional hypothalamic amenorrhoea in a low BMI female

Khanam Amina , Rafique Shemitha , Anandappa Samantha , Sen Gupta Piya

32 year old female presented to her GP following a first trimester miscarriage which consequently resulted in her experiencing secondary amenorrhoea for more than 9 months. Secondary amenorrhoea is defined as cessation of regular menses for 3-6 months or the cessation of irregular menses for 6-12 months. Her main concern was around her subfertility and dry skin. She started menarche at the age of 10 with regular monthly menses until her copper coil insertion 4 years ago. She h...

ea0065p399 | Thyroid | SFEBES2019

Factors involved in the relapse of autoimmune thyrotoxicosis following first line treatment with anti-thyroid medication

Anandappa Samantha , Venkatesh Samyukta , McGowan Barbara , Carroll Paul , Velusamy Anand

Aim: Anti-thyroid treatment with carbimazole or propylthiouracil is the first-line treatment for autoimmune thyrotoxicosis in the UK. Following 12–18 months treatment there is a significant relapse rate (at least 50%). This study analysed the demographics and clinical features of 100 patients with relapsed thyrotoxicosis to examine which variables are predictive of relapse.Methods: This retrospective study included adult patients identified using ou...

ea0059p115 | Neoplasia, cancer & late effects | SFEBES2018

Could this be the tip of the iceberg? Endocrine dysfunction of immune checkpoint inhibitors in Kent Regional Oncology Service

Wang Tian , Anandappa Samantha , Kumar Jesse , Sivappriyan Siva

Aim: Baseline clinical and biochemical endocrine assessment at the start of immune checkpoint treatment and each treatment cycle is important given the treatable nature of it. Also given the improvements in survival of these patients necessitate further longterm screening. Our study was to look at various aspects of this screening with a view to improve our knowledge and also patient care.Methods: Using an excel database, a retrospective data collection ...

ea0055wa4 | Workshop A: Disorders of the hypothalamus and pituitary (I) | SFEEU2018

Extreme polydipsia as an emergency presentation of chronic undiagnosed central diabetes insipidus

Anandappa Samantha , Youn Suhyun , Anpalakhan Sheela , Ilangaratne Charmaine , Mohandas Cynthia , Abedo Itopa , Ogunko Arthur

Isolated Central Diabetes Insipidus is a rare condition characterised by deficiency of arginine vasopressin (AVP) which presents with polyuria and polydipsia. The reported prevalence of diabetes insipidus is 1 in 25,000. The pathogenesis of central diabetes insipidus is often uncertain however the known causes can be divided into acquired, through trauma or vascular injury as well as infiltrative including malignancy, and congenital abnormalities which accounts for less than 1...

ea0081p17 | Adrenal and Cardiovascular Endocrinology | ECE2022

Bilateral adrenal haemorrhages secondary to Rivaroxaban on a background of p-ANCA vasculitis

Farhan Malik Mohammad , Sivappriyan Siva , Kumar Jesse , Anandappa Samantha , Iqbal Maliha , Khalid Maha

Background: A 73-year-old female presented to the hospital with a 3-day history of right upper quadrant abdominal pain and episodes of vomiting. Her past medical history included insulin treated Type 2 diabetes diabetes, deep venous thrombosis for which she was on rivaroxaban, COPD, right leg angioplasty and previous p-ANCA vasculitis. She also had flank tenderness and was noted to be hypertensive with a blood pressure of 225/93mmHg. A CT scan of the abdomen identified a new 4...