Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences in endocrinology

ea0035pl4 | Islet transplantation | ECE2014

Islet Transplantation Plenary 5 (Tuesday 6th May 2014)

Gough Stephen

Attempts at restoring endogenous insulin secretion by the transplantation of human islet tissue, initially using whole pancreas transplantation, was first reported in 1966. Although there is also a long history surrounding the transplantation of isolated human islets, it was the development and subsequent publication of the Edmonton, glucocorticoid free immunospressive regimen, in 2000, that transformed the use and availability of islet cell transplantation for people with dif...

ea0026s20.3 | Thyroid function: it is in your genes | ECE2011

Genetics of autoimmune thyroid disease

Gough Stephen

Autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) is the commonest of the autoimmune disorders. Strong familial clustering supports a hereditary component to the development of disease. However, the pattern of inheritance suggests that many genes with relatively small effect size are contributing to the genetic architecture of both Graves’ disease and autoimmune hypothyroidism. Whilst early candidate gene studies helped to identify some of the major effects conferring risk to AITD, inclu...

ea0013p312 | Thyroid | SFEBES2007

Using an increased fixed dose of 131I (600MBq) leads to improved outcome in patients with hyperthyroidism

Boelaert Kristien , Manji Nilusha , Sheppard Michael , Gough Stephen , Franklyn Jayne

We have previously (Allehabadia et al., JCEM, 2001) reported better cure rates for patients treated with a single fixed dose of 370 MBq 131I compared with 185 MBq. We have since increased the standard dose of administered radioiodine to 600 MBq and re-audited our data in 1240 consecutive thyrotoxic patients. We aimed to compare the efficacy of the new dose regimen and to explore factors that might predict outcome. Patients were categorised in 3 diagnostic gro...

ea0021p409 | Thyroid | SFEBES2009

Screening of six novel candidate genes for association with Graves' disease

Tisdall Ruth , Simmonds Matthew , Newby Paul , Franklyn Jayne , Gough Stephen , Brand Oliver

Genome wide association screening (GWAS) has proved invaluable in determining otherwise undetected genetic effects for several common endocrine diseases. The largest GWAS performed in Graves’ disease (GD), to date, has not only confirmed association of several known gene regions, including the HLA region, TSHR and FCRL3, but has also identified several other possible regions of association with GD. As GD shares several susceptibility loci with other endocrin...

ea0015p379 | Thyroid | SFEBES2008

Does the PTPN2 gene exhibit disease specific associations for Graves’ disease?

Storrar Joshua , Newby Paul , Heward Joanne , Franklyn Jayne , Gough Stephen , Simmonds Matthew

Recent genome wide screens performed by the Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium using 500k single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) genotyping arrays have detected several novel susceptibility loci for the common autoimmune diseases (AIDs): Crohn’s disease (CD), type 1 diabetes (T1D) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). PTPN2, which encodes TCPTP an important negative regulator of inflammation, is one such locus. The rs2542151 SNP in PTPN2 was shown to be highly a...

ea0015p385 | Thyroid | SFEBES2008

Risk of co-existing autoimmune diseases in 3309 index cases with auto-immune thyroid disease and their relatives

Boelaert Kristien , Newby Paul , Simmonds Matthew , Carr-Smith Jackie , Heward Joanne , Gough Stephen , Franklyn Jayne

Autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD), Graves’ disease (GD) and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) are common, but there is limited information on the prevalence of co-existing auto-immune diseases (AID). We prospectively collected 3309 patients with AITD and determined prevalences of other autoimmune diseases in index cases and relatives. Overall, 10.3% of 2806 GD patients and 18.1% of 503 HT subjects reported a co-existing AID. Rheumatoid arthritis was the commonest AID in ...

ea0013oc33 | Society for Endocrinology/Clinical Endocrinology Trust Young Investigator Clinical Prize winner | SFEBES2007

Tag SNP screening of the PDCD1 gene for association with Graves’ disease

Newby Paul , Roberts-Davies Emma , Brand Oliver , Heward Joanne , Franklyn Jayne , Gough Stephen , Simmonds Matthew

In addition to the HLA gene region, two further genes involved in the inhibition of T cell signalling, CTLA-4 and PTPN22, have been consistently associated with autoimmune disease (AID), highlighting the important role played by molecules in this pathway in AID susceptibility. The Programmed Cell Death 1 gene (PDCD1) on chromosome 2q37.3 encodes PD-1 which is involved in providing a negative signal to activated T cells. Large case-control studies have show...

ea0013p325 | Thyroid | SFEBES2007

Preliminary evidence for association of PTPN12 with Graves’ ophthalmopathy

Brand Oliver J , Syed Ateeq A , Franklyn Jayne A , Gough Stephen CL , Heward Joanne M , Simmonds Matthew J

Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) such as PTPN22, that encodes lymphoid tyrosine phosphatase (LYP), are important regulators of cell signalling. LYP, through interaction with various accessory molecules including Grb2 and Csk kinase, has been shown to be particularly important in regulating signal transduction from the T cell receptor. The identification of PTPN22 as a susceptibility locus for Graves’ disease (GD) led us to hypothesise that other PTPs may...

ea0025p336 | Thyroid | SFEBES2011

Variation in levels of skewed X chromosome inactivation represents a shared pathogenic pathway for the common autoimmune thyroid diseases

Simmonds Matthew , Brand Oliver , Newby Paul , Jackson Laura , Hargreaves Chantal , Carr-Smith Jackie , Franklyn Jayne , Gough Stephen

Graves’ disease (GD) and Hashimotos’ thyroiditis (HT), two of the most common autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD), are caused by both shared and disease specific genetic determinants. In females one copy of the X chromosome is randomly inactivated, and although inactivation should occur with a parent of origin ratio of 50:50, skewed X chromosome inactivation (XCI) can occur, whereby >80% of a specific copy of the X chromosome is inactivated. Increased skewed XCI i...

ea0021oc5.7 | Steroids and thyroid | SFEBES2009

X chromosome inactivation: the key to the female preponderance in Graves' disease?

Simmonds Matthew , Newby Paul , Jackson Laura , Hargreaves Chantal , Brand Oliver , Carr-Smith Jackie , Franklyn Jayne , Gough Stephen

Graves’ disease (GD) affects >2% of the population and occurs more frequently in females than males. Several hypotheses have been put forward to explain the female preponderance including increased immune responsiveness, gonadal steriods, sex chromosome susceptibility loci and, more recently, skewed X inactivation (XCI). XCI occurs in females causing one of their X chromosomes to be randomly inactivated enabling dosage compensation with males who only have one copy of...