ea0021p349 | Steroids | SFEBES2009
, Hughes Beverly
, Walker Elizabeth
, Lavery Gareth
, Stewart Paul
11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) converts inactive glucocorticoid to their active form (cortisone to cortisol in humans, 11-dehydrocorticosterone (11-DHC) to corticosterone in mice), and is dependent upon the presence of cofactor NADPH generated by the enzyme hexose-6-phosphate (H6PDH) for its activity. The 11β-HSD1/H6PDH system is implicated in the pathogenesis of the metabolic syndrome by generating tissue specific glucocorticoid excess. The ...