ea0073aep663 | Thyroid | ECE2021
, Shinkov Alexander
, Kirilov Georgi
, Kovatcheva Roussanka
IntroductionThyrotropin-receptor antibodies (TRAb) play a key role in the pathogenesis of Graves disease (GD) and Graves orbitopathy (GO) and are important for the diagnosis of both diseases. Elevated levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE) and antinuclear antibodies (ANA) were also found in GD patients. Smoking is a risk factor for GD and GO development and GO progression. We aimed to assess the associations between TRAb, IgE and ANA, and the prese...