Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences in endocrinology
Endocrine Abstracts (2007) 14 P350

ECE2007 Poster Presentations (1) (659 abstracts)

The influence of universal salt-iodization on the iodine status of County Mures, detected through TSH determinations in newborns between 2001–2006

Zsuzsanna Szanto 1 , Ildiko Kun 2 , I. Kun 1 , Ligia Coros 3 & Manuela Cucerea 4


1Endocrinology Clinic, UMPh, Tg.Mures, Romania; 2Clinic of Internal Medicine No. II, UMPh, Tg.Mures, Romania; 3Central Laboratory of Emergency Clinical Hospital County Mures, Tg.Mures, Romania; 4Clinic of Obstetrics & Gynecology No. I, UMPh, Tg.Mures, Romania.

Iodine deficiency in a geographical area can be quantified not only by urinary iodine excretion, but by the frequency of elevated TSH-levels in newborns, too. We compared the TSH-levels obtained between 2001–2003 with those collected after extension of universal salt-iodization with increased iodine-content (KIO3 34±8.5 mg-/kg) in the whole country (2004–2006). The governmental decision was adopted in 2002, implemented in practice in December 2003, and extended only in 2004 (the iodized salt was used in 96% of households). We observed TSH-levels (10 μIU/mL (WHO-criteria) at 8.23% of 2454 newborns tested between 2001–2003, in comparison with the 9.91% from 555 subjects borned between 2004–2006. Accordingly to the upper normal TSH-level (12 μIU/mL) used at the Central Laboratory of Emergency Clinical Hospital County Mures, 6.07% and 6.31% of the newborns seen between 2001–2003, and 2004–2006, respectively, had elevated TSH-levels. The difference between the two periods was not significant. Based upon these results, County Mures can be characterized at present as a moderate/mild iodine-deficient area.

However, we observed an important change: the mean TSH-level obtained in the period of 2001–2003 (19.81+12.63 μIU/mL) was reduced significantly in the second period (15.63+7.35 μUI-/mL), i.e. a decrease with 4.18 μIU/mL (P=0.02). In conclusion, after increasing the iodine-content of the alimentary salt and applying the measures for the universal iodization, the incidence of elevated TSH-level did not decrease, but its mean value was reduced statistically significant, showing an impro-ve-ment of iodine supple-mentation.

While the moderate increased TSH-levels (10–12 μIU/mL) are considered as indicators of the iodine deficiency, the higher concentrations ((20 μIU/mL) usually indicate the coexis-ten-ce of hypothyroidism due to reduced iodine supply. We observed an important reduction of the hypothyroidism induced by iodine-deficiency: if in the first period its incidence was 2.49%, in the second it decreased to 1.46%.

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