Endocrine Abstracts (2008) 16 P759

Some data about the epidemiology of thyroid cancer in Albania

Agron Ylli2, Zamira Ylli3, Entela Lamcaj2, Blertina Olldashi2, Medi Shehu4, Thanas Furreraj1, Gerond Husi1, Edmond Celiku5, Medi Agolli5, Arben Gjata5, Vladimir Titka6, Albert Nocka6 & Agim Karaj7


1Department of Endocrinology, UHC ‘MOTHER TERESA’ Tirana, Albania; 2Endocrinology Clinic Neo Style, Tirana, Albania; 3Department of Immunology, UHC ‘MOTHER TERESA’ Tirana, Albania; 4Department of Anatomy – Pathology, UHC ‘MOTHER TERESA’ Tirana, Albania; 5Department of Surgery, UHC ‘MOTHER TERESA’ Tirana, Albania; 6Department of Nuclear Medicine, UHC ‘MOTHER TERESA’ Tirana, Albania; 7Department of Oncology, UHC ‘MOTHER TERESA’ Tirana, Albania.


Introduction: Aim: the aim of our study was to give some data about the epidemiology of thyroid cancer in our country.

Material and methods: We studied patients diagnosed with thyroid cancer during January 1998–October 2007.

Results: We studied 179 patient from 13 to 80 years diagnosed with thyroid cancer during January 1998–October 2007. Median age at dignoses was: 46.2±14.7 years. According to the gender: females were 139 (77.5%); males 40 (22.5%); ratio F/M 3.4: 1. Distribution according to the type were: papillary 95 (52.9%) folliculary 58 (32.7%) medullary 8 (4.4%) anaplastic 13 (7.2%) lymphoma 3 (1.7%) other type 2 (1.1%). Pre surgical diagnosis were: multinodular goitre 93 (51.9%); cold nodule 69 (38.8%); hot nodule 6 (3.5%); Graves disease 2 (1.1%); thyroiditis chronic Hashimoto 1 (0.5%); suspect thyroid cancer 7 (4%); lymphoma 1 (0.5%). Distribution according to the years of the study: cytological evaluation were done in 53 cases (29.60%) and the results were: negative 9 (16.9%); suspicious 13 (24.6); malignant 31 (58.5%). Distribution of cases according to the years were: 1998 6 cases; 1999 13 cases; 2000 14 cases; 2001 14 cases; 2002 17 cases; 2003 16 cases; 2004 12 cases; 2005 25cases; 2006 36 cases; 2007 25 cases. Distribution according to the age group: 10–20 years old 7 cases 20–30 years old 18 cases; 31–40 years old 42 cases; 41–50 years old 37 cases; 51–60 years old 42 cases; >60 years old 33 cases.

Conclusions: Thyroid cancer in Albania like in all over the world is increasing. There is a female predominance 77.5% of thyroid cancer. Papillary type is the predominant form 52.9% but the folliculary type has a high prevalence 32.7%, may be these is related with iodine deficiency which predominate in our country. The most frequen presurgical diagnoses was multinodular goitre. In 2007, we had 4 new cases ages 13 years old.