Introduction: Hypertension is a major risk factor for several cardiovascular diseases including coronary heart disease. Prehypertension is defined systolic blood pressure (SBP) between 120139 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) 8089 mmHg. Recent studies have documented an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in persons with prehypertension. In this study, we evaluated association between prehypertension and the metabolic risk markers in over weight and obese women.
Methods: Overweight (25<BMI<30 kg/m2) 824, and obese (BMI(30 kg/m2) 2652 women were enrolled into the study. The subjects were divided into two groups: Group 1 (n=1131); women with blood pressure <120/80 mmHg; normal group, Group 2 (n=2345); women with 120<SBP<139 mmHg, and 80<DBP<89 mmHg; prehypertension group. The groups were compared for metabolic risk markers regards of cardiovascular disease.
Results: BMI, waist, sagital waist, body fat, intra-abdominal fat, HgA1c, fasting insulin, HOMA, triglyceride, cholesterol, LDL-C were significantly higher prehypertension group compared to normal subjects (P<0.001). The results are documented on Table.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated that prehypertension was associated with metabolic risk markers in over weight and obese women.It is known that prehypertension is associated with atherosclerosis, including increased coronary atherosclerosis, elevated C-reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor, homocysteine, oxidized LDL, and other inflammatory markers. Successful management can reasonably be expected to reduce CVD morbidity and mortality.
|Group 1 (n=1131)||Group 2 (n=2345)||P value|
|Body fat (kg)||39.25±15.75||43.64±17.59||<0.001|
|Saggital waist (cm)||23.71±3.64||24.55±3.91||<0.001|
|Intra-abdominal fat (L)||3.13±1.07||3.38±1.16||<0.001|
25 - 29 Apr 2009
European Society of Endocrinology