Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a condition of chronic hyperglicemia (as well as metabolic disorders of the other carbohydrates, lipids and proteins), as a result of absolute and/or relative lack of insulin or lack of insulin effects.
The aim of the research presented in this study is examination of antropometric characteristics of people suffering from type 2 diabetes in Kragujevac.
Material and method: We examined 3108 patients with type 2 diabetes in Kragujevac, and divide patients in two groups: 2470 patients (73.8%) with oral antidiabetic therapy (DM2) and 638 patients (19.1%) with insulin therapy (DM2I).
Results: The average duration of DM2 was 6.37±5.8 years, and for DM2I 12.87±7.39 years. The average height was 165.8±9.68 vs 167.2±9.69 cm (DM2 vs DM2I, P=0.041), the average weight was 79.37±14.19 vs 74.19±13.73 (DM2 vs DM2I, P<0.001), the average value of BMI was 28.82±4.72 vs 26.56±4.59 kg/m2 (DM2 vs DM2I P<0.001), the average value of waist 98.09±11.13 vs 92.59±11.72 cm (DM2 vs DM2I P<0.001), the average value of hip 108.67±9.88 vs 104.61±8.67 cm (DM2 vs DM2I P<0.001). We also compared patients according to sex: the average height was 174.14±9.4 vs 161.16±7.27 cm (man vs women, P<0.001), 81.99±15.11 vs 74.22±14.04 (man vs women, P<0.001), the average value of BMI was 26.86±4.43 vs 28.55±5.25 kg/m2 (man vs women, P<0.001), the average value of waist 98.92±10.75 vs 95.6±12.01 cm (man vs women, P<0.001), and the average value of hip 107.7±7.49 vs 109.39±10.6 cm (man vs women, P<0.001). There is significant difference in height, weight, BMI, waist and hip between man and woman.
Keywords: diabetes mellitus type 2, antropometric characteristic.
Declaration of interest: The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest that could be perceived as prejudicing the impartiality of the research project.
Funding: This research did not receive any specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sector.
05 - 09 May 2012
European Society of Endocrinology