The rapidly increasing epidemic of obesity is one of the most challenging dilemmas facing endocrinologists all over the world today. The aim of our research was within the framework of the National Campaign Early Detection and Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus to evaluate the prevalence of obesity and overweight in the Belarusian population.
Materials and methods: The Campaign involved opportunistic screening of individuals applying to the healthcare institutions of Belarus with the use of the FINDRISK (FINnish Diabetes Risk Score) scale. The evaluation of overweight was estimated on the basis of BMI and abdominal fat mass was assessed by waist circumference. Distriution by age and sex were taking into account.
Results: 15 478 individuals participated in the Campaign. According to the survey data, 4977 (32.16%) respondents were aged under 45; 3926 (25.62%) respondents were aged between 45 and 54. These results demonstrate that almost 60% of the participants were of working age, an important fact. Gender breakdown of participants revealed that the majority of respondents were female 10 874 (70.25%) vs male 4604 (29.75%).
71.07% (10 875) of examined belorusian citizens had an excess body weight. Among them 44.09% (6824 respondents) were overweight; 26.17% (4051 respondents) were obese. Normal and BMI was registered in 28.93% (4603 citizens).
The evaluation of waist revealed that 68% females had waist circumference above 80 cm and 54% males above 94 cm, vs declared 32% females and 46% males with normal ranges. Abdominal adiposity as a predictor of CVD risk and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes was registered in 934 (20.29%) males and in 3551 (32.66%) females.
Conclusions: The results of the National Campaign Early Detection and Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus testify to the presence of high percent of overweight (44.09%) and obesity (26.17%) in Belarusian population.
27 Apr - 01 May 2013
European Society of Endocrinology