Diet and physical activity are éssensiels in support of diabetes mellitus (DM) as well as medical treatment.
Aim: Evaluate the results of diet and physical activity on anthropometric and metabolic parameters of T2DM patients untreated population and methodology. 30 newly diagnosed T2DM patients (20W and 10 M; mean age 56.23±0.96 years were placed under hygienodietetic rules. Each patient underwent a clinical examination specifying TT, BMI, and metabolic parameters (fasting glucose, HbA1c, HDLc, LDLc, TG, and CT) at the first consultation and 3 months after resultsBMI, TT and metabolic parameters means with the exception of HDLc in men decreased significantly after hygienodietetic rules. BMI: M before 27.81±0.52 (23.7331.46) and after 26.22±0.51 (23.0331.46) (P: 0.011). W before 32.48±0.68 and after 32.16±0.66 (P: 0.030). TT: M before 101.30±1.04 and after 99.20±1.13 (P: 0.007). W before 103±1.30 and after 100, 3±1.33 (P: 0,005). FPG: before 1.61±0.05 and after 1.24±0.034 (P: 0.000006). HbA1c: before 7.04±0.05 and after 6.33±0.061 (P: 0.0000001). Triglycerides: before 1.57±0.09 and after 1.25±0.04 (0.623.06) (P: 0.01). Cholesterol: before 1.90±0.03 (0.92.7) and after 1.59±0.02 (P: 0,0005). LDLc: before 1.23±0.03 and after 1.11±0.02 (P: 0.00003). HDL: M before 0.41±0.01 and after 0.42±0.01 (P: 0.64). W before 0.46±0.01 and after 0.47±0.01 (P: 0.09)
Discussion and conclusion: The rules of dietary and lifestyle remain the first step in the management of T2DM They provide satisfactory results justifying their recommendation