Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences in endocrinology
Endocrine Abstracts (2015) 37 EP908 | DOI: 10.1530/endoabs.37.EP908

ECE2015 Eposter Presentations Thyroid cancer (90 abstracts)

Ratio of lymph node aspiration washout thyroglobulin levels to whole blood and serum washout thyroglobulin levels in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma: a new approach for standardisation of measurements and increased accuracy

Cevdet Aydin 1 , Didem Ozdemir 1 , Muhammed Sacikara 1 , Sefika Burcak Polat 2 , Aylin Kilic Yazgan 3 , Seyda Turkolmez 4 , Eda Demir Onal 2 , Reyhan Ersoy 1 & Bekir Cakir 1

1Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, School of Medicine, Ataturk Education and Research Hospital, Yildirim Beyazit University, Ankara, Turkey; 2Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Ataturk Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey; 3Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Ataturk Education and Research Hospital, Yildirim Beyazit University, Ankara, Turkey; 4Department of Nuclear Medicine, School of Medicine, Ataturk Education and Research Hospital, Yildirim Beyazit University, Ankara, Turkey.

Introduction: High values of fine needle aspiration washout thyroglobulin (FNA-Tg) are diagnostic for metastatic lesions of thyroid cancer. However, there is not a consensus on cut-off for high Tg level. The most important confounding factor for FNA-Tg is inability to calculate Tg per unit volume because residual aspiration material in the needle cannot be known exactly. Another problem is possible contamination of whole blood during lymph node aspiration. In this study, we aimed to determine a more accurate and standardised parameter for FNA-Tg.

Methods: Ultrasonographically suspicious 155 lymph nodes in 120 patients with histopathologically confirmed differentiated thyroid cancer and suspicious for malignancy/malignant thyroid nodule FNA result in cytology were evaluated. Tg was measured in samples obtained by aspiration (FNA) and non-aspiration (FNNA) biopsy. The highest value obtained by these methods from the same lymph node was defined as FNB-Tg. Simultaneous venous blood sample was taken. Tg was measured from whole blood and serum washouts which were obtained by using syringes and needles identical to ones used for lymph node biopsy.

Results: Data of 16 lesions in 14 patients who underwent lymp node dissection were analysed. FNNA-Tg, FNB-Tg/whole blood washout-Tg, FNB-Tg/serum washout-Tg, FNB-Tg/serum Tg were significantly higher in malignant lymph nodes compared to benign ones. Areas under the ROC curve for FNNA-Tg, FNNA-Tg/whole blood washout-Tg, FNNA-Tg/serum washout-Tg were statistically significant for the discrimination of benign and malignant lymph nodes. Best cut-off values for FNNA-Tg and FNB-Tg were 15.86 and 31.8 ng/ml. respectively. Among ratios, best cut off values to discriminate benign and malignant lymph nodes were 5.44 for FNB-Tg/whole blood washout-Tg and 3.95 for FNB-Tg/serum washout-Tg.

Conclusion: Determining ratio of FNB-Tg to whole blood washout-Tg and/or serum washout-Tg might be a promising method for increasing accuracy and providing standardization of lymph node aspiration to detect malignant lymph nodes.

Article tools

My recent searches

No recent searches.