Introduction: Hyperthyroidism is associated with asymptomatic hypercalcaemia due to increased calcium mobilization from bone and catecholamine metabolism. Hypercalcaemia secondary to hyperthyroidism coexist with decreased or normal parathyroid hormone level. We reported case of 30-year-old man who suffered from Graves disease and primary hyperparathyroidism.
Case report: A 30-year-old male patient was admitted to our hospital suffered from palpitation, heat intolerance and sweating. He had blood pressure of 130/90 mmHg, heart rate of 102 beats/min, and temperature of 36.6 °C. He had warm and moist skin. Blood tests showed TSH <0.03 μU/l, fT3 14.34 pg/ml, and fT4 3.91 pg/ml. Other results: anti-TPO 229 IU/ml, TRAbs 0.73 U/l, serum calcium 11.05 mg/dl, inorganic phosphorus 3.61 mg/dl, iPTH 85.9 pg/ml, and 25-OH vitamin D3 31.8 ng/ml. The 24-h collected urine showed creatinine clearance of 132 ml/min and calcium excretion of 428 mg/day. Other laboratory parameters were largely within normal ranges. Ultrasonography revealed enlarged thyroid gland with inhomogeneous pattern. Scintigraphy of the thyroid gland was consistent with Graves disease. Scintigraphy of the parathyroid glands revealed parathyroid adenoma. Patient was treated with propylthiouracil 300 mg/day and propranolol 20 mg twice a day. Treatment successfully controlled sympathetic symptoms. When he became euthyroid, serum calcium, and parathyroid hormone was still elevated. Subtotal thyroidectomy and parathyroidectomy was performed. The follow-up investigations showed normalisation of serum calcium and parathyroid hormone.
Conclusion: Constant hypercalcemia after treatment of hyperthyroidism may indicate concomitant hyperparathyroidism if iPTH level is not reduced. It should be considered that; slightly or moderately elevated iPTH levels in hypercalcaemia coexists with hyperthyroidism, may suggest hyperparathyroidism. Ultrasonography, scintigraphy, and ultrasound guided fine-needle biopsy of parathyroid gland lesions can be used for differential diagnosis. Avoiding from repeated operations and complications; the best treatment is combined resection of thyroid and parathyroid gland when concomitant parathyroid adenoma is determined.
16 - 20 May 2015
European Society of Endocrinology