ISSN 1470-3947 (print) | ISSN 1479-6848 (online)

Endocrine Abstracts (2016) 45 OC8.5 | DOI: 10.1530/endoabs.45.OC8.5

Biomedical outcomes of weight loss associated with intragastric balloon therapy supported by a life style programme in severe adolescent obesity

Pooja Sachdev1,3, Lindsey Reece2, Rob Copeland2, Mike Thomson4, Anuja Natarajan5, Jerry Wales6 & Neil Wright3

1Academic Unit of Child Health, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK; 2Center for Sport and Exercise Science, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK; 3Department of Paediatric Endocrinology, Sheffield Children’s Hospital, Sheffield, UK; 4Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Sheffield Children’s Hospital, Sheffield, UK; 5Department of Paediatrics, Doncaster and Bassetlaw NHS Foundation Trust, Doncaster, UK; 6Department of paediatric endocrinology, Lady Cilento Children’s Hospital, South Brisbane, Australia.

Background: Severe obesity in childhood is associated with significant morbidity including systolic hypertension, fatty liver, obstructive sleep apnoea, dyslipidemia and type 2 diabetes. Evidence that even small changes in BMI SDS bring about significant clinical benefit is strong.

Objectives: To assess the impact of weight loss associated with intragastric balloon therapy supported by a life style programme on biomedical outcomes (glucose metabolism, blood pressure, lipid profiles) in severely obese adolescents and to observe anychanges in incretin, ghrelin and adipokine hormones.

Methodology: A 2-year cohort study of 12 adolescents (BMI >3.5 SD, Tanner stage >4) following 6 months intragastric balloon placement. Subjects underwent anthropometry, oral glucose tolerance test, measurement of basal and stimulated incretins and adipokines at 0, 6 and 24 months.

Results: Mean weight loss at 6 months was 7.1 kg ([CI −27,12.8], P value=0.005), (5% body weight) but weight loss was sustained in only 20% patients at 2-years. Insulin area under the curve following OGTT improved at 6 months (P<0.05).As individuals tended to regain weight following balloon removal HOMA scores and fasting insulin levels increased but Insulin AUC remained below pre intervention levels. There was also a fall in HBA1c at 6 months that was maintained despite weight regain (P<0.005). There was a significant increase in fasting GLP-1 over the 24 months (P=0.04). The area under the curve (AUC) for GLP-1 also improved at 24 months despite weight regain. The significant drop in GIP at 6 months (P<0.001) was not sustained at 24 months. We noted moderately strong inverse correlations between percentage weight loss and change in GLP-1 AUC (r=−0.45) and ghrelin (r=−0.51) at 6 months. Clinically relevant improvements were also seen in blood pressure, liver function at 6 months.

Conclusion: Short-term weight loss and clinically relevant improvement in obesity related complications were seen after 6 months of intragastric balloon therapy. Benefits were sustained in some patients but not the majority at 2 years.