Objective: SPECT/CT has numerous advantages over planar and traditional SPECT images. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of post-radioiodine therapy SPECT/CT of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) in early risk classification and in prediction of late prognosis.
Patients and Methods: 323 consecutive patients, 181 at the University of Pecs and 142 at the University of Debrecen, were investigated after their first radioiodine treatment (11003700 MBq). Both SPECT/CT and planar camera images of the head, neck, chest and abdomen regions were taken four days after radioiodine therapy. Patients were re-evaluated 912 months later as well as at the end of follow-up (median 37 months).
Results: Post-radioiodine therapy SPECT/CT showed metastases in 22% of patients. Lymph node, lung and bone metastases were detected in 61, 13 and 5 patients, respectively, resulting in early reclassification of 115 cases (36%). No evidence of disease was found in 251 cases at 9-12 months after radioiodine treatment and 269 patients at the end of follow-up. To predict residual disease at the end of follow-up, the sensitivities, specificities and diagnostic accuracies of the current risk classification systems and SPECT/CT were: ATA: 77%, 47% and 53%; ETA: 70, 62 and 64%; SPECT/CT: 61, 88 and 83%, respectively. There was no difference between cohorts of the two institutions when data were analyzed separately.
Conclusions: Based on our bi-institutional experience, the accuracy of post-radioiodine SPECT/CT outweighs that of the currently used ATA and ETA risk classification systems in the prediction of long-term outcome of DTC.
20 - 23 May 2017
European Society of Endocrinology