Introduction: The epidemiological transition has resulted in a major increase in the prévalence of obesity in our country. Obesity is closely associated with chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia. The aim of our study is assessing the prevalence of general obesity, central obesity (OA), associated risk factors (D2, HTA and dyslipidemia) and tries to provide information on determinants of obesity in Algerian adult.
Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted among 2210 subjects (1583 women and 627 men) aged 18 to 64 years old, living in Algiers (Algeria). Subjects were randomized, anthropometric parameters, socio demographique situation; informations about food habits and physical activity were collected using a questionnary. Fasting blood glucose, cholestrol, triglycerids and blood presure were mesured.
Results: The prevalence of obesity (BMI > 30 kg/m2) was 24, 9% (12, 7% for males and 66, 4% for females). The prevalence of central obesity (WC > 80 cm for women and 94 cm for men) was 66, 4%, 41% for males and 76, 4% for females. Multi variable logistic regression showed that elderly, female gender, low educationnal level, a history of familial or personnal obesity and menopause were at risk of obesity classified by BMI or WC. Wheras a young age, a higher level of education, male gender, current smoking, celibacy and hight physical activity were at low risk of obesity. Obeses subjects definied by BMI or Waist circumference had an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia.
Conclusion: The caracterization of these factors will contribute to defining more effective and specific strategies to screen and control obesity.
20 - 23 May 2017
European Society of Endocrinology