Objective: Sarcopenic obesity is a double burden for older people because it carries the cumulative risk of functional abnormality, metabolic, cardiovascular risk, and mortality compared to either sarcopenia or obesity alone. Diabetes is related to an increase in visceral adiposity and is associated with the risk of sarcopenia. The objective was to explore the association between sarcopenic obesity and diabetes and determine the associated factors with sarcopenic obesity in older people with diabetes.
Research design and methods: This study was based on data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), conducted by the Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare, from 2009 to 2010. Out of 19,491 participants, the analysis included data for 3,206 older people. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify independent associated factors with sarcopenic obesity. The complex sample analysis was used for the KNHANES data for weighting all values following the guidance of statistics form the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Results: The Prevalence of nonsarcopenic nonobesity, nonsarcopenic obesity, sarcopenic nonobesity, and sarcopenic obesity were 43.2, 7.7, 23.5 and 25.6%, respectively, in all subjects. The prevalence of sarcopenic obesity in older people with diabetes was significantly higher than those without diabetes (33.9% vs. 23.4%, P-value <0.001). Diabetes was an independent associated factor with sarcopenic obesity after fully adjusting for confounding factors, including chronic disease, sociodemographic influences, and lifestyle. Among the older people with diabetes, undiagnosed diabetes, diabetes duration with more than 10 years, elevated diastolic blood pressure, known hypertension, increased intake of protein, and number of comorbidity were independent associated factors with higher risk of sarcopenic obesity. History of stroke and increased vitamin D level were independently associated with a lower risk of sarcopenic obesity.
Conclusion: Diabetes influenced the risk of sarcopenic obesity in older people. Undiagnosed diabetes, diabetes duration with more than 10 years, elevated diastolic blood pressure, known hypertension, increased intake of protein, number of comorbidity, history of stroke, and vitamin D level were independently associated with sarcopenic obesity in older people with diabetes.
20 May 2017 - 23 May 2017