ISSN 1470-3947 (print) | ISSN 1479-6848 (online)

Endocrine Abstracts (2017) 50 P384 | DOI: 10.1530/endoabs.50.P384

Urinary Iodine to Creatinine ratio (UI/C) during pregnancy is not associated with adverse obstetric outcomes

Barbara Torlinska1, Sarah Bah2, Aisha Janjua3, Kristien Boelaert1 & Shiao-Yng Chan4

1University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK; 2University of Surrey, Guildford, UK; 3Birmingham Heartlands Hospital, Birmingham, UK; 4National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.

Background: Maternal severe iodine deficiency has been associated with pregnancy and neonatal loss but the impact of mild-moderate iodine deficiency on pregnancy is not well-documented. Mild-moderate iodine deficiency during pregnancy is common even in iodine replete countries. In the UK women of reproductive age have been found to be mildly-to-moderately iodine deficient. UI/C is an optimal indicator for iodine status in pregnancy.

Aims: We investigated whether insufficient iodine status during pregnancy is associated with adverse obstetric outcomes defined as pregnancy or child loss by age 1 year or obstetric complications including pre-eclampsia, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, glycosuria, anaemia, caesarean delivery, malpresentation, low/high birth weight percentiles, pre-term delivery, antepartum and post-partum haemorrhage.

Methods: We analysed outcomes of 3182 singleton pregnancies from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) birth cohort. Mother-child pairs were selected based on availability of UI/C measurements. First, we compared UI/C in mothers with babies alive at 1 year to those with pregnancy/child loss (n=42). Next, we analysed the relationship between UI/C and pregnancy outcomes in 3140 pairs with live babies. We compared the incidence of outcomes in four UI/C categories: <50.0; 50–149; 150–250; 250+ μg/g. Additionally, we compared the UI/C as a continuous variable in those with and without a complication of interest.

Results: The median urinary iodine concentration in the entire cohort was 92.25 μg/L (classed as iodine insufficient) and the median UI/C 123.9 μg/L. There were no relevant demographic differences between the mothers with live babies and those who suffered loss. There were no statistically significant differences in median values of UI/C between the two groups. The incidence of studied outcomes did not differ among the four UI/C categories, nor were there any statistically significant differences in the median UI/C when stratified based on the studied outcomes.

Conclusion: Iodine-to-creatinine ratio was not associated with significantly different obstetric outcomes in an iodine-insufficient pregnant population.

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