ECE2018 Guided Posters Acromegaly (11 abstracts)
Introduction: Pituitary adenomas (PAs) that occur in a familial setting account for no more than 5%, which can be part of familial tumor syndromes such as Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) and type 4 (MEN4), Carney Complex (CNC) or Familial Isolated Pituitary Adenoma (FIPA). The presence of two or more cases of PAs without MEN1 or CNC characteristics in the same family, enable FIPA diagnosis. Heterozygous germline inactivating mutations in the aryl hydrocarbon receptor-interacting protein (AIP) gene confer predisposition to PAs in different races in the setting of FIPAs. However, we have previously reported our cohort of FIPA patients as negative for AIP point mutations. Therefore, the aim of this study was to detect copy number variations (CNVs) in AIP and MEN1, and to investigate MEN1 gene variations in this cohort.
Patients and methods: Seven families including 16 patients with FIPA diagnosis were involved in this study. Among these families, heterogenous and homogenous FIPA were composed of three and four families, respectively. All homogenous FIPA patients had somatotropinoma. Mean follow-up period of the cohort was 13 (540) years. Only 12 patients from these families were available for genetic analyses, who did not have hypercalcemia and other components of familial syndromes. Patients genomic DNA were isolated from peripheral blood. All exons, exon-intron boundaries and UTR regions of AIP and MEN1 genes were PCR amplified, followed by Sanger sequencing to detect point mutations. CLC Main Workbench 6.5 was used in sequence data analysis against the reference sequences NM_003977.3 and NM_000244.3 for AIP and MEN1 genes, respectively. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was performed in CNV detection, where commercially obtained reagents and probe-mixes were used according to the manufacturers instructions (P244-AIP-MEN1-CDKN1B, MRC-Holland, the Netherlands).
Results: In our cohort, initial screen of AIP gene revealed no mutations and MLPA anlaysis also showed no CNVs. Afterthan, MEN1 sequencing exhibited novel heterozygous variants including c.1846T>A (p.*616Argext*21); rs778272737:T>C; rs972128957:C>T in 2 families having patients diagnosed with Cushing disease, non-functional PA, and acromegaly, respectively. Among them, c.1846T>A (p.*616Argext*21) is a stop codon read-through, whereas the others are 3′UTR variations. Overall, MEN1 variation frequency was detected 15% in our cohort.
Conclusion: In the long term clinically followed-up of FIPA patients without hypercalcemia, MEN1 gene can be of significance and screening should be offered especially to young first-degree relatives with or without MEN1 syndrome features.
19 May 2018 - 22 May 2018