Purpose: The evaluation of body composition using indirect techniques is used to estimate the nutritional status of patients. The objective of our study was to determine the profile of patients body composition according to the bioelectrical impedance meter and to study its relationship to body mass index and waist circumference.
Patients and methods: Cross-sectional study, conducted over 9 months from March to December 2018, in the endocrinology department of Ibn Rochd University Hospital of Casablanca, in all patients attending the day hospital. The body composition was interpreted by the OMROM BF 508 impedance meter, according to the standards of use based on WHO recommendations. Statistical analysis made by Spss software version 25.0.
Results: Our series included 200 patients, mean age of 50.22±13.02 years with a sex ratio H/F of 0.6, an average waist circumference of 100.7±23 cm and an average BMI of 30.35±7.08 kg/m2. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 19% and 53.5%, respectively. The comorbidities found were diabetes (30%), hypertension (20%) and dyslipidemia (10%). Mean visceral fat (13.66±6%) and mean body fat (38.22±10.5%). The fat mass was increased more (37.5%) in the age group (40-59 years), with a predominance of women (47.5%). Body mass index was strongly correlated with body fat (P<0.0001, r=0.71), visceral fat (P<0.0001, r=0.57), and waist circumference (P<0.0001, r=0.83).
Conclusion: Our work has revealed sedentary problems associated with overweight, which constitute a risk factor for health. The evaluation of this composition could be an option for detecting body functions and their disturbances.
18 - 21 May 2019
European Society of Endocrinology