Proopiomelanocortin (POMC)- and agouti related peptide (AgRP)-expressing neurons in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus (ARH) are critical regulators of food intake and energy homeostasis. They rapidly integrate the energy state of the organism through sensing fuel availability via hormones, nutrient components and even rapidly upon sensory food perception. Importantly, they not only regulate feeding responses, but numerous autonomic responses including glucose and lipid metabolism, inflammation and blood pressure. More recently, we could demonstrate that sensory food cue-dependent regulation of POMC neurons primes the hepatic endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response to prime liver metabolism for the postpramndial state. The presentation will focus on the regulation of these neurons in control of integrative physiology, the identification of distinct neuronal circuitries targeted by these cells and finally on the broad range implications resulting from dysregulation of these circuits as a consequence of altered maternal metabolism.
18 - 21 May 2019
European Society of Endocrinology