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Endocrine Abstracts (2022) 81 P720 | DOI: 10.1530/endoabs.81.P720

ECE2022 Poster Presentations Thyroid (136 abstracts)

Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonographic features in detecting thyroid cancer in the transition age: a meta-analysis from the TALENT group

Alessia Cozzolino 1 , Tiziana Filardi 1 , Ilaria Simonelli 2,3 , Giorgio Grani 4 , Camilla Virili 5 , Ilaria Stramazzo 5 , Maria Giulia Santaguida 5 , Pietro Locantore 6 , Massimo Maurici 3 , Daniele Gianfrilli 1 , Andrea M Isidori 1 , Cosimo Durante 4 & Carlotta Pozza 1

1Sapienza University of Rome, Experimental Medicine, Rome, Italy; 2Service of Medical Statistics and Information Technology, Fatebenefratelli Foundation for Health Research and Education, Rome, Italy, Rome, Italy; 3Università degli Studi di Roma “Tor Vergata“, Biomedicina e Prevenzione, Rome, Italy; 4Sapienza University of Rome, Translational and Precision Medicine, Italy; 5“Sapienza“ University of Rome, Latina, Medico-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Italy; 6Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Endocrinology Unit, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli-IRCCS, Italy

Context: Significant uncertainty exists about the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonographic (US) features used to predict the risk of thyroid cancer in the pediatric population. Moreover, there are not specific indications for thyroid nodule evaluation in patients during the transition age.

Objective: The meta-analysis aimed to address the following question: which thyroid nodule US features have the highest accuracy in predicting malignancy in the transition age.

Methods: We performed a meta-analysis of observational/cohort/diagnostic accuracy studies dealing with thyroid nodule sonography, reporting US features, and using histology as reference standard for the diagnosis of malignancy and histology or cytology for the diagnosis of benignity in the transition age (mean/median age 12-21 years).

Results: The inclusion criteria were met by 14 studies, published between 2009 and 2020, including 1306 thyroid nodules (mean size 17.9 mm). The frequency of thyroid cancer was 36.6%. The US features with the highest diagnostic odds ratio for malignancy were the presence of suspicious lymph nodes [DOR: 56.0 (95% CI: 26.0-119.0)], a “taller than wide” shape of the nodule [6.0 (95% CI: 2.0-16.0)], the presence of microcalcifications [13.0 (95% CI: 6.0-29.0)] and irregular margins [9.0 (95% CI: 5.0-17.0)]. Heterogeneity among the studies was substantial.

Conclusions: Following the diagnosis of a thyroid nodule in transition age, a thorough US examination of the neck is warranted. The detection of suspicious lymph nodes and/or thyroid nodules with a “taller than wide” shape, microcalcifications and irregular margins is associated with the highest risk of malignancy in the selection of nodules candidates to biopsy.

Volume 81

European Congress of Endocrinology 2022

Milan, Italy
21 May 2022 - 24 May 2022

European Society of Endocrinology 

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