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Endocrine Abstracts (2023) 93 P14 | DOI: 10.1530/endoabs.93.P14

EYES2023 Poster Presentations Guided Poster Tour 2: Miscellaneous (12 abstracts)

Assessment of knowledge and awareness of disease in patients with diabetes

Luka Vasiljevic 1 & Rada Sparavalo 2

1General Hospital Nikšić, Montenegro, Internal Medicine, Nikšić, Montenegro; 2Jzu Goverment Hospital, General Hospital, Nikšić, Montenegro, Endocrinology, Niksic, Montenegro.

Introduction and objective: The research was conducted with the aim of highlighting the awareness and understanding of the disease among diabetic patients.

Methods: The study included 85 patients with type 2 diabetes, aged 40+ years old, who had been monitoring their blood glucose levels and HbA1c levels in the previous 4 months. Patients were presented a questionnaire with 5 questions about diabetes. The patients’ responses were classified and expressed in percentages.

Results: The questions and answers were as follows: 1) What is diabetes? 26% – lack of insulin / obesity, 74% – incorrect / no response; 2) What causes diabetes? 23% – pancreas, 15% – kidney, 7% – liver, 44% – don’t know, 11% – other organs; 3) What is the optimal value of fasting and postprandial blood glucose? 47% – correct or acceptable answer, 53% – incorrect answer / don’t know; 4) What happens if diabetes is not treated properly or effectively? 58% – eye or kidney disorder, 40% – insignificant response, 2% – don’t know; 5) What is insulin? 62% – medicine / hormone, 37% – injection, 1% – don’t know. The majority of patients have had diabetes for 5 years or longer and have comorbidities. 48% of patients are on oral medications, 7% on GLP-1 analogs in combination with OAD, 8% receive GLP-1 analogs, 16% are on insulin therapy, and 21% are on oral medications in addition to insulin therapy. HbA1c levels (%) are ≤ 7 in 32% of patients, 7 – 9 in 44%, and ≥ 9 in 24%. Despite mostly having high HbA1c levels, a small percentage are on insulin therapy.

Conclusion: Patient education aimed at developing a positive attitude towards the disease, understanding the disease, providing motivation, and encouragement to keep the disease under control is essential for the management of diabetic patients.

Volume 93

ESE Young Endocrinologists and Scientists (EYES) 2023

European Society of Endocrinology 

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