Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences in endocrinology

ea0029p433 | Clinical case reports - Thyroid/Others | ICEECE2012

Van Wyk e Grumbach syndrome: case report

Francisco B. , Haber J. , Santos R.

Introduction: In 1960, Van Wyk and Grumbach described the association of hypothyroidism and precocious puberty. Hypothyroidism leads to delayed bone age and a reduction in growth rate by reducing the amplitude of GH pulses. When precocious puberty is associated with thyroid hypofunction, estrogen action on the epiphyseal plates reduce this delay. We report the case of a child who developed incomplete puberty and reduced growth rate, caused by primary hypothyroidism.<p clas...

ea0029p1385 | Pituitary Clinical | ICEECE2012

Markers of disease activity correlate with cephalometric parameters in acromegalic patients

Carvalho A. , Pinho T. , Pinto J. , Santos A. , Carvalho D.

Introduction: Acromegaly, a rare disorder resulting of tumor GH excess, is frequently associated with prognathism and facial dysmorphia. Characteristics and mechanisms responsible for the malocclusion and the craniofacial changes in acromegalic patients (ACR) are not clarified.Aims: To evaluate the craniofacial changes in an acromegalic group.Methods: We observed 59 individuals, 33 with ACR and 26 controls with nonfunctioning pitui...

ea0026p646 | Clinical case reports | ECE2011

Diabetes insipidus in a patient with breast carcinoma

Couto J , Santos A P , Martins R , Giesteira L , Torres I

Introduction: Central diabetes insipidus (CDI) is characterized by a deficient secretion of anti-diuretic hormone (ADH), in which a large volume of hypotonic urine is eliminated. Pituitary metastatic disease is rare, accounting for 1% of all excised pituitary tumors and generally involves the posterior pituitary. Neoplasms that more often originate pituitary metastases are breast and lung cancer. Breast cancer (BC) is associated with pituitary secondary involvement in 5.3 to 2...

ea0021cm1.3 | Long-term consequences of endocrine diseases | SFEBES2009

Long term consequences of Cushing's syndrome

Webb Susan , Resmini E , Barahona M J , Santos A , Ybarra J

Endogenous hypercortisolism and chronic glucocorticoid (GC) therapy reduce bone mass, increase central fat mass, alter adipokines and enhance cardiovascular risk. Surgery (pituitary, adrenal or for ectopic ACTH) can control hypercortisolism in 90% of patients in experienced hands, and is often followed by inhibition of the adrenal axis, requiring substitution therapy with GC for months or years. We have been interested in learning on long-term outcome of ‘cured’ CS p...

ea0029p1762 | Thyroid cancer | ICEECE2012

Lymphocytic chronic thyroiditis and papillary thyroid carcinoma: relation with prognostic factors

Martins R , Couto J , Santos A , Polonia A , Lobo C , Antunes L , Lucena I , Torres I

Introduction: Recent studies have shown that chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis is associated with increased risk of developing papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Although still controversial, these carcinomas appear to have a better prognosis. This study aims to evaluate the presence of thyroiditis in thyroids with PTC and the association with histological variables of prognostic value, Tg and evidence of metastasis in 131I scan.Methods: Descrip...

ea0026p239 | Pituitary | ECE2011

Pituitary apoplexy as initial manifestation of pituitary tumors: two case reports

Saraiva J , Gomes L , Paiva I , Santos J , Vieira A , Alves M , Gouveia S , Carvalheiro M

Introduction: Pituitary aplopexy is rare (0.6 to 12.3%). Sudden expansion of pituitary tumor, from hemorrhage or infarction, may lead to permanent vision loss, paresis or death. We describe two cases of apoplexy as the initial manifestation of pituitary tumor.Case 1: Male, 30 years, healthy, observed in the emergency room (ER) complaining of headache, visual deficit and left ptosis for 3 days. He had left ptosis and bilateral paresis of the IV pair. Magn...

ea0026p588 | Clinical case reports | ECE2011

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia and adrenal myelolipoma -- incidental ou causal relationship?

Vieira A , Paiva I , Santos J , Alves M , Gouveia S , Saraiva J , Carrilho F , Carvalheiro M

Introduction: There are fewer than 20 reported cases involving congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) and myelolipoma. This is a rare benign tumor, often located on the adrenal, consisting of mature adipose and hematopoietic tissues. Its origin is unclear; the most accepted theory is the occurrence of blood capillaries reticuloendothelial cells metaplasia, in response to infection, stress or necrosis. In a small number of cases ACTH hypersecretion coexists.<p class="abstext"...

ea0026p633 | Clinical case reports | ECE2011

Lower limb Merkel cell carcinoma with a single metastasis in a thyroid nodule

Martins R , Couto J , Santos A P , Ribeiro M , Giesteira L , Polinario A , Torres I

Introduction: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, aggressive cutaneous malignancy, affecting predominantly caucasian and older individuals (slight male predominance). This neoplasm is associated with a high risk of local recurrence and regional lymph node involvement. Distant metastases are less frequent; they were described in liver, bone, CNS, skin, lung and spleen. The authors describe a clinical case of Merkel cell carcinoma with a single metastasis in a thyroid nodule....

ea0026p637 | Clinical case reports | ECE2011

Diabetes and A1C. How a hemoglobin variant affect A1C test: a case report

Alves M , Bastos M , Ribeiro M , Santos J , Vieira A , Gouveia S , Saraiva J , Carvalheiro M

Introduction: Glycated hemoglobin A1c (A1C) is used for diagnosis and monitoring diabetic patients. The precision of A1C assay methods is affected by the presence of hemoglobin variants. About 7% of world population is asymptomatic carrier of these variants.Case report: PCIMR, woman, 42 years old, caucasian, followed in consultation for obesity, primary hypothyroidism and bipolar disorder. Had family history of obesity and sudden death of her father at 5...

ea0026p721 | Diabetes (epidemiology, pathophysiology) | ECE2011

Glycated hemoglobin as diagnostic criteria for diabetes and prediabetes in obese patients

Lopes A , Silva-Nunes J , Santos C , Godinho C , Rodrigues I , Agapito A

Introduction: Recently, the American Diabetes Association has proposed glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) as a diagnostic criteria for diabetes (HbA1c≥6.5%) and prediabetes (5.7%≤HbA1c≤6.4%).Aims: To compare HbA1c with fasting glucose and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) as diagnostic criteria for diabetes and prediabetes, in obese patients; to calculate its sensitivity and specificity when compared with standard diagnostic criteria.<p c...