Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences in endocrinology
Endocrine Abstracts (2007) 14 P335

ECE2007 Poster Presentations (1) (659 abstracts)

Usefulness of Ki-67, PCNA, c-erbB-2 and CK 19 in the diagnosis of some thyroid follicular tumors

Ioana Zosin 1 , Marioara Cornianu 2 , Ioana Golu 1 , Melania Balas 1 & Aurora Milos 1

1University of Medicine and Pharmacy Victor Babes, Clinic of Endocrinology, Timisoara, Romania; 2University of Medicine and Pharmacy Victor Babes, Department of Morphopathology, Timisoara, Romania.

This study represents a complex evaluation of a group of 26 cases with thyroid nodular disease (TND), using different diagnostic methods. Clinically and by means of ultrasonography, 12 patients were suspected of malignancy. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) detected mainly suspicious (12 cases) and malignant smears (5 cases). The microscopic examination of surgical specimens established the following diagnosis: follicular adenoma – FA (4 cases), papillary hyperplasia – PH (2 cases), papillary carcinoma – PC (10 cases), follicular carcinoma – FC (2 cases) and Hürthle cell tumors – HCT (8 cases). PCs were represented by occult, classic forms and variants, HCT included adenomas, carcinomas and some adenomas showed an uncertain malignant behaviour. Metastases were diagnosed in 6 cases.The expression of Ki-67 antigen, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), cytokeratin (CK) 19 and c-erbB-2/neu oncogene was evaluated by IHC (DAKO LSAB method) in all surgical specimens. For IHC we used paraffin-embaded sections and monoclonal antibodies (mAb): MIB-1, PC10, mAb against c-erbB-2 and mAb CK 19. The most interesting conclusions regard the expression of CK 19 and c-erbB-2. CK 19 was diffusely and intense expressed in all cases of PCs, 1 case of Hürthle cell carcinoma (HCC), but never in PH. There was no apparent difference in immunostaining reactivity between tumors with or without metastases. Follicular and oxyphilic cell neoplasia showed at best a focal staining. Regarding the expression of c-erbB-2, 50% of PCs presented a cytoplasmic staining pattern and the rest a mixed one (cytoplasmic and membranous). Some FC and HCC showed also a mixed staining. The epithelial malignant tumors with metastases presented more expressed reactivity versus the cases without metastases.

The used corroborated investigations helped us to obtain an accurate diagnosis in some peculiar epithelial thyroid tumors.

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