Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences in endocrinology
Endocrine Abstracts (2007) 14 P50

ECE2007 Poster Presentations (1) (659 abstracts)

Prevalence of GADA and IAA in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes

Maria Kurowska 1 , Jerzy S Tarach 1 , Helena Jankowska 2 , Mariusz Kowalczyk 1 , Joanna Malicka 1 & Andrzej Nowakowski 1

1Dpt Endocrinology, Skubiszewski Medical University, Lublin, Poland; 2Dpt Nuclear Medicine, Skubiszewski Medical University, Lublin, Poland.

Little is known about the prevalence and significance of islet cell immunity in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes. The low antibody titers against islet-cell antigens in LADA elderly patients may be a sign of a less aggressive autoimmune diabetes.

The objective: To establish the changing frequency and titers of GADA and IAA in elderly diabetics.

Material: 83(56F;27M)diabetic patients (60–91 y) divided in age related groups. Group 1: 55 (36F;19M) patients (60–69 y). Group 2: 14 (9F;5M) pts (70–79). Group 3: 14 (11F;3M) pts (80–91). Mean duration of diabetes 5.6±6.4 y.

Method: GADA and IAA determined by RIA (ANTI-INSULIN RIA and GAD-AB kits), (CIS). IAA estimated in patients not treated with insulin. The positive GADA and IAA titers were over 1 U/ml and 5.5%B/T.

Results: Group 1: Positive GADA were found in 13(27%) assays, 5(10.2%) patients with the level 7.1–64.5 U/ml and 8(16.5%) subjects 1.02–2.1 U/ml. In 11(22.9%)patients GADA titers 0.38–0.98 U/ml were found (method sensitivity>0.3 U/ml). The positive IAA were in 20(40.8%) assays (5.6–13.2%B/T). Group 2: In 3(21.5%) patients, the GADA were >1 U/ml (1.63; 38.5;68.5 U/ml). 4(28.6%) patients had GADA 0.93–0.99 U/ml. The positive IAA were obtained in 4(28.6%) patients (9.1–19.7%B/T). Group 3: There were positive GADA in 4(30.8%)assays (1.3–12.1 U/ml). In 8(61.5%%) patients GADA ranged 0.61–1.42 U/ml. In 6(42.9%) subjects the positive IAA was obtained (1 patient 36.1%B/T and the rest 5.6–6.95%B/T).

Summary: The percentage of patients with high GADA titer didn’t significantly change with the age. In the older patients the frequency of GADA low titers (close to 1 U/ml) clearly increased. The IAA frequency and titer didn’t significantly change with the age.

Conclusion: Eldery diabetic patients are characterized by increasing frequency of GADA sublimited titers as they aged. The autoantibodies low level may signify a less aggressive beta-cell autoimmunity as well as instability of the immunological system related to aging or both.

Article tools

My recent searches

No recent searches.