Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences in endocrinology
Endocrine Abstracts (2014) 35 P1067 | DOI: 10.1530/endoabs.35.P1067

ECE2014 Poster Presentations Thyroid (non-cancer) (125 abstracts)

Successful preoperative treatment of toxic nodular goiter patient with agranulocytosis using plasmapheresis

Tomasz Trybek & Aldona Kowalska

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Department of Endocrinology, Holycross Cancer Centre, Kielce, Poland.


Agranulocytosis is an uncommon but very serious complication during treatment with thyrostatic. In case of severe hyperthyroidism removal of circulating thyroid hormones by plasmapheresis may be an effective therapeutic option.

We present the therapeutic difficulties and successful treatment with preoperative plasmapheresis in 63-year-old female patient with severe hyperthyroidism in the course of toxic nodular goiter and agranulocytosis, which occurred after 3 weeks of taking thiamazole. We modified and applied the treatment with propylthiouracil and lithium carbonate during hospitalization in the Department of Endocrinology. In consequence of using recombinant granulocyte–colony stimulating factor we achieved normalization of neutrophils in the blood. We have decided to thyroidectomy as a life-saving operation because of difficulties in obtaining euthyrosis during the current treatment. We gave organic iodine and conducted two plasmapheresis treatments to give a reduction in the concentration of free thyroid hormones. Plasmapheresis in the perioperative period may cause excessive bleeding during surgery. The potential deficiency of coagulation factors we completed using fresh frozen plasma (FFP). The patient underwent with no complications total thyroidectomy.

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