Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences in endocrinology
Endocrine Abstracts (2014) 35 P641 | DOI: 10.1530/endoabs.35.P641

ECE2014 Poster Presentations Female reproduction (54 abstracts)

Relationship between visceral adiposity index, menstrual disorders and hormonal, biochemical and ultrasound parameters in women with polycystic ovary syndrome

Ioannis Androulakis 1, , Eleni Kandaraki 1 , Charikleia Christakou 1 , Athansios Karachalios 1 , Evangelos Marinakis 1 , Thomas Paterakis 1 & Evanthia Diamanti-Kandarakis 1

1Endocrine Unit, Third Department of Internal Medicine, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Sotiria Hospital, Athens, Greece; 2Private Practice, Chania, Greece.

Objective: The clinical phenotype of PCOS includes reproductive and hormonal aberrations. Visceral adiposity index (VAI) is an indicator which could connect hyperandrogenism and anovulation. The objective was to evaluate the relationship between VAI, menstrual disorders and hormonal, biochemical and ultrasound parameters in women with PCOS.

Patients: 180 women with PCOS diagnosed with Rotterdam criteria.

Measurements: We correlated VAI with metabolic and clinical features of the syndrome and with indices of inflammation and insulin sensitivity. In addition, we classified the patients into four groups according to the severity of menstrual disorders: Group A (n=41), with severe menstrual disorders, Group B (n=79), with mild menstrual disorders, Group C (n=50), without menstrual disorders and Group D (n=10) with women with sychnominorroia.

Results: In women with PCOS studied, VAI significantly correlated with body weight (r=0.46, P<0.001), fasting glucose (r=0.31, P<0.005), insulin (r=0.56, P<0.001), HOMA score (r=0.51, P<0.001), Matsuda Index (r=−0.29, P<0.001), white blood cells (r=0.38, P<0.001), platelets (r=0.20, P<0.05), uric acid (r=0.32, P<0.001), free testosterone (r=0.29, P<0.005), estradiol (r=0.29, P<0.001), SHBG (r=−0.22, P<0.05), LDL (r=0.22, P<0.001), CHOL (r=0.29, P<0.001), γ-GT (r=0.32, P<0.001), SGPT (r=0.22, P<0.005), ultrasound of the liver (r=0.28, P<0.001) and menstrual cycles per year (r=−0.25, P<0.05). From the comparison of the four groups, PCOS women with menstrual disorders had significantly higher VAI and HOMA indices when compared to PCOS without menstrual disorders.

Conclusions: VAI is increased in patients with PCOS in concordance with the severity of anovulation, insulin resistance and inflammation. This index could be a very easy and helpful clinical tool in daily practice to predict insulin resistance in women with PCOS.

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