Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences in endocrinology
Endocrine Abstracts (2016) 41 EP85 | DOI: 10.1530/endoabs.41.EP85

ECE2016 Eposter Presentations Adrenal medulla (13 abstracts)

Clinical review of patients with pheochromocytoma diagnosed between 2011 and 2015

Maria Kurowska , Anna Oszywa-Chabros , Joanna Malicka & Jerzy S Tarach

Department of Endocrinology, Medical University, Lublin, Poland.

Introduction: WHO classification of endocrine tumors defines pheochromocytoma as a tumor arising from chromaffin cells in the adrenal medulla. Almost all pheochromocytomas produce catecholamines. An annual incidence of this tumor in the general population is estimated at 3–8 cases/million/year. 40–50% of patients with pheochromocytoma are characterized by sustained hypertension, a similar percentage – only by paroxysmal hypertension and up to 10% are normotensive.

Aim: The aim of the study was to identify the most common clinical, hormonal and imaging characteristics of the patients with pheochromocytoma hospitalized in our department between 2011 and 2015, based on retrospective analysis of their medical histories.

Results: The whole group covered 27 patients with confirmed pheochromocytomas. 21 patients (12M; 9F) aged 29–77 years (54.4±16.1) have been diagnosed since the beginning of the disease in our department, while the remaining were originally diagnosed and operated on in other centers. In three cases (14.3%) in the same family, finally recognized as MEN 2A, tumors were bilateral. In three patients pheochromocytoma was diagnosed as adrenal incydentaloma. In 18 patients the tumor was one-sided (the nine cases in the left and right adrenal gland). Hypertension, mainly paroxysmal, occurred in 13 patients (62%). Adrenal tumor was initially detected in CT in 13 cases, in ultrasound in five and in MRI in two patients. The largest tumor diameter ranged from 10 to 106 mm (mean 48,5±25.1). Initial tumor CT density ranged between 7 and 51 HU (mean 29.2±12.2) and in all ten patients who underwent contrast CT (“adrenal protocol”) a delayed tumor washout index has been detected. Metoxycatecholamines excretion in daily urine ranged from 100 to 3438 μg.

Conclusion: Paroxysmal hypertension, unilateral location, tumor greatest dimension greater than 4 cm, high basal density and low washout index in CT were the most common clinical features of pheochromocytomas in our group of patients.

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