ECE2018 Poster Presentations: Thyroid Thyroid (non-cancer) (105 abstracts)
We aimed to identify causal mutation(s) in 13 patients with thyroid dyshormonogenesis (TD) from three consanguineous Tunisian families. A 12-year clinical follow-up showed phenotypic variability ranging from the presence to the absence of goiter, sensorineural deafness, and mental retardation. Genetic analysis using microsatellite markers within two candidate genes (TPO and PDS) gave evidence of linkage with the TPO gene. Sequencing of its 17 exons and their flanking intron-exon junctions revealed the previously described c.875C>T (p.S292F) mutation in homozygous state. No additional mutations were found in either a 900 bp of the TPO gene promoter or PDS gene. In silico analysis showed that p.S292F mutation might reduce the catalytic cavity of the TPO which would restrict access of a potential substrate to the catalytic pocket. Using 4SNPs and one microsatellite marker in the TPO gene, an associated haplotype: G-C-G-G-214 was found, giving evidence of a founder mutation.
Conclusion: This is the first description of a TD causing mutation in Tunisia and thus may help to develop a genetic screening protocol for congenital hypothyroidism in the studied region. Although structural modeling suggested a pathogenic effect of this mutation, functional studies are needed. Additional causing and/or modifier genes, together with late diagnosis could explain the clinical variability observed in our patients.
19 May 2018 - 22 May 2018