The aim of investigation to study the frequency of growth retardation in children and adolescents from orphanages in Tashkent city.
Material and methods: We observed 595 children and adolescents (including boys 342, girls 253) as part of the special program You are not alone from November 12 to November 17, 2018 in the admission department of the clinic of the Tashkent Pediatric Medical Institute. During the week, children and teenagers from 6 orphanages were examined. The patients were examined by all specialists endocrinologists, pediatricians, neurologists, urologists, orthopedic surgeons, ophthalmologists, etc. Patients were measured height, weight, considered a lack of growth, weight, performed a palpation of the thyroid gland and an objective examination of sexual developments stages by Tanner. If necessary, performed ultrasound investigation of endocrine organs.
Results: It was established that growth retardation occurred in 36 (6%) patients examined, in 1 (0.16%) case - dwarfism, in 2 (0.32%) cases - puberty delay, in 1 (0.16%) case varicocele and 1(0.16%) -cryptorchidism. After the analysis of the frequency of growth retardation among 595 children and adolescents we found that in 3 (0.5%) cases patients with growth retardation have diffuse goiter. Total diffuse goiter 1 degree was found in 164 (27.5%) examined.
Conclusions: Comparative analysis of the results of our research showed that there was growth retardation in 36 (6%) patients.
18 - 21 May 2019
European Society of Endocrinology