Background: Adult growth hormone (GH) deficiency (AGHD) is related with alterations in body composition, increased abdominal and visceral adiposity, adverse change in lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, and reduction of bone mineral density (BMD).
Aim: To compare baseline outcomes concerning body composition and biochemical/hormonal data among adult patients with AGHD referring to a single endocrinological center and grouped according to their history of r-hGH therapy.
Methods: The Management of Adult Growth Hormone Deficiency Study(MAGHD) is a prospective, single-center trial aiming to improve AGHD management through a smartphone app (MAGHD App: Manage AGHD) and a wearable device integrated with a software framework able to merge several kind of patients daily data with clinical data collected in institutional databases. Up-to-now, a total of 74 subjects (26 Female, 48 Male, mean age: 56.6+14.8 years) with AGHD, fulfilling the inclusion criteria, were enrolled in the study. According to r-hGH therapy, they were divided in 3 groups: patients on long-term r-hGH therapy (Group1, n=33), patients previously treated with r-hGH, who had stopped the therapy at any time (Group2, n=18), patients never treated (Group 3, n=23). Each patient has completed the baseline visit, including biochemical and hormonal measurements and data on BMD and body composition obtained by DXA. The nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test was used for comparison among 3 groups and data are expressed as median. Only baseline data are here shown.
Results: Mean duration of AGHD disease was 121.2+105.8 months; it was lower in Group 3 compared to both Group1 and 2 (P<0.05). Waist circumference (Group 1 95 cm; Group 2 96.5 cm; Group 3 109 cm), total fat mass (Group 1 25016g; Group 2 26491g; Group 3 33887g) and trunk fat mass (Group 1 11743g; Group 2 12598g; Group 3 16761g) were significantly higher in Group 3 compared to both Group 2 and 1 (P<0.05), while total fat mass and trunk fat mass did not differ significantly among Group 1 and 2. Serum insulin and total body fat (%) were significantly higher in Group 3 than Group1 (P<0.05). IGF-1 and IGFBP3 were significantly higher in Group 1 compared to both Group 2 and 3 (P<0.0001). BMD, circulating lipids, and fasting glucose did not differ among the 3 groups.
Conclusions: r-hGH therapy seems to confer a long-lasting beneficial effect on body fat, especially trunk fat even after its discontinuation in AGHD patients, but not on metabolic parameters.
Acknowledgment: This clinical study is conducted thanks to the competitive assignment of an Independent Grant for Learning & Change (IGCL) Dissemination & Implementation (D&I) by Pfizer Inc.
18 - 21 May 2019
European Society of Endocrinology