Endocrine Abstracts (2019) 65 P255 | DOI: 10.1530/endoabs.65.P255

Ten years type 2 diabetes risks among doctors in Ondo State, South West Nigeria

Adenike Enikuomehin1, Oludamola Adejumo2, John Ajiboye1, Oladimeji Junaid2, Fakhraddeen Muhammad3, Babatope Kolawole4, Rosemary Ikem4 & Oluwatoyin Lawal1

1University of Medical Science Teaching Hospital Complex, Akure, Nigeria; 2University of Medical Science Teaching Hospital Complex, Ondo, Nigeria; 3College of Health Science, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria; 4Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Background and objective: Diabetes mellitus is assuming worldwide increase with Doctors not being an exception. This study was carried out among Doctors in Ondo State South West Nigeria to assess 10 years risk of developing Diabetes using the Finish Diabetes Association assessment form.

Subjects, materials and method: This is a cross sectional study carried out in March 2019 at the Ordinary General Meeting. Two hundred and two (202) Doctors were screened after informed consent were obtained, using the Type 2 Risk Assessment Form by Finnish Diabetes Association. Anthropometric parameters, random blood glucose and BP were measured using standard protocols. Data was analyzed using SPSS 17. Level of significance was P value <0.05.

Results: Of the Two Hundred and Two Doctors screened, 55.9%(113) were males and 44.1%(89) females. Majority(63.4%) were below 45 years, 1.5%(3) above 64 years. 26.7%(54) and 11.4% (23) overweight and obese respectively. There were no gender difference in the level of obesity (P> 0.5). A quarter of the Doctors were not involved in adequate physical activity and 74.8%(151) do not eat vegetables or fruits everyday. 9.9%(20) were on medication for BP while 23.8%(48) were discovered to be hypertensives. 5%(10) had history of Diabetes and 5.9% (12) had elevated blood glucose. There was family history of DM in 24.3%(49) of the Doctors. The risks of developing DM was 32.2%),with 25.7% having slightly elevated risks, 2.5% (5) moderate, 2.5% high and 1.5% very high risks. There were no gender difference in the risk for developing DM P >0.5.

Conclusion: The 10 year risks of developing DM was high among the Doctors , majority were not taking adequate fruits and vegetables. More efforts need to be directed at regular screening and education of Doctors on lifestyle modification to reduce diabetes risks.

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