Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences in endocrinology
Endocrine Abstracts (2022) 84 PS3-15-136 | DOI: 10.1530/endoabs.84.PS3-15-136

ETA2022 Poster Presentations Thyroid Cancer Diagnosis & Treatment (9 abstracts)

The role of core needle biopsy in the diagnosis of primary thyroid lymphoma and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Nathan Goedseels 1 , Brigitte Decallonne 2 , Esther Hauben 3 , Charlotte Van Lierde 4 , Jeroen Meulemans 4 , Pierre Delaere 4 & Vincent Vander Poorten 4

1Uz Ku Leuven, Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery and Section Head and Neck Oncology, Department of Oncology; 2Uz Kuleuven, Endocrinology; 3Uz Kuleuven, Pathology; 4Uz Kuleuven, Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery and Section Head and Neck Oncology, Department of Oncology

Objective: Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) and primary thyroid lymphoma (PTL) are two highly aggressive malignancies of the thyroid, both leading to a rapidly enlarging neck mass. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is generally performed as the primary examination for diagnosis in thyroid pathology but shows low sensitivity in diagnosing ATC or PTL. Non-diagnostic FNACs are usually followed by core-needle biopsy (CNB) or diagnostic surgery. As sensitivities of up to 100% have been described, we investigate whether executing CNB primarily is more desirable than FNAC in the diagnosis of ATC and PTL. We want to determine the diagnostic value of CNB by combining all published data on the reliability of CNB in diagnosing ATC and PTL in a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Methods: A search was performed on June 23rd, 2021 on PubMed, EmBase, Web of Science and Cochrane. Population of interest were patients who underwent CNB due to clinical or ultrasonographical suspicious features of ATC or PTL or patients with final diagnosis of ATC or PTL after CNB or after surgery following CNB.

Results: A total of 166 patients were included of which 136 patients were diagnosed as PTL and 14 patients as ATC after CNB. CNB proves to be superior to FNAC with a sensitivity and PPV of respectively 93.8% and 100% for PTL and 82.4% and 100% for ATC. Furthermore, rate of diagnostic surgery after CNB was only 6.2% for PTL and 17.6% for ATC.

Conclusions: We conclude that CNB could be a more appropriate intervention for diagnosis of ATC and PTL than FNAC.

Volume 84

44th Annual Meeting of the European Thyroid Association (ETA) 2022

Brussels, Belgium
10 Sep 2022 - 13 Sep 2022

European Thyroid Association 

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