Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences in endocrinology

ea0065pl3 | Society for Endocrinology Dale Medal Lecture | SFEBES2019

From Carney complex to gigantism and Cushing disease: an insight into the genetics of pituitary tumors

Stratakis Constantine

In the last 30 years, an unprecedented production of new knowledge about the tumors of the pituitary gland has led to a series of new discoveries important for the understanding of how these neoplasms form and the management of our patients. These tumors are often caused by germline or somatic mutations in an ever expanding list of genes; a growing list of genetic defects associated with inherited predisposition to pituitary tumors means implications for the families of the pa...

ea0022s8.2 | Endocrine tumours: new genes and association with syndromes | ECE2010

New multiple endocrine neoplasias: endocrine tumors associated with gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs)

Stratakis Constantine

Carney triad (CT) describes the association of paragangliomas (PGLs) with gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and pulmonary chondromas (PCH). In addition to pheochromocytomas, a number of other lesions have been described in the condition including pheochromocytomas, esophageal leiomyomas, and adrenocortical adenomas; CT, therefore, is a novel form of multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN). CT appears to be a genetic condition with a female predilection. Inactivating mutations...

ea0032n2 | (1) | ECE2013

Psychiatric morbidity in pediatric patients after surgical remission of Cushing’s disease: case presentations

Keil Margaret , Ryder Celia , Stratakis Constantine

Context: Endogenous Cushing’s syndrome (CS) may have different effects in children than what has been described in adults. Prior studies of children and adolescents with CS have identified cognitive decline despite reversal of brain atrophy after remission of CS, as well as residual impairment in quality of life measures. Although the observations of parents of children and adolescents with CS support personality changes, significant psychopathology has not been described...

ea0049gp68 | Developmental & Protein Endocrinology | ECE2017

Assessment of reports of behaviour by patients and their parents in paediatric Cushing disease

Keil Margaret , Belyavskaya Elena , Lyssikatos Charalampos , Lodish Maya , Stratakis Constantine

Context: Prior studies of children with endogenous Cushing syndrome (CS) have identified cognitive decline despite reversal of brain atrophy after remission as well as residual impairment of quality of life measures. Although parental observations support personality changes with CS, significant psychopathology has not been described. We investigated the feasibility of using paediatric Patient-reported outcomes (PROMIS) using a computer interface to assess patient perception o...

ea0041ep44 | Adrenal cortex (to include Cushing's) | ECE2016

A microdeletion of PRKARIA associated with Carney complex

Adamidou Fotini , Mintziori Gesthimani , Lyssikatos Charalampos , Stratakis Constantine

Background: Carney complex (CNC) is a rare multiple neoplasia syndrome, its commonest endocrine manifestation being ACTH-independent Cushing’s syndrome, histologically characterized by primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease (PPNAD). There is significant genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity, but deletions at 17q24.2 are rare. We describe the particular characteristics of a patient with a microdeletion in this area.Case report: A 37-year-old...

ea0041gp25 | Adrenal (2) | ECE2016

Novel genetic changes in Autosomal dominant, ACTH independent nacronodular adrenal hyperplasia associated with hypercortisolism and giant adrenals

Munter Gabriel , Altarescu Geona , Beeri Rachel , Berthon Annabel , Faucz Fabio Rueda , Weiss Ruchama , Stratakis Constantine

ACTH independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia (AIMAH) is a rare cause of Cushing’s syndrome. Both Phosphodiesterase 11A4 (PDE11A4) mutations and inactivating mutations of armadillo repeat containing 5(ARMC5) have been associated with familial AIMAH. A family with autosomal dominant AIMAH was studied trying to elucidate the involved genetic basis.Methods and results: Adrenal hypercortisolism with giant bilateral AH was diagnosed in three adult me...

ea0041gp30 | Adrenal (2) | ECE2016

Hair Cortisol Measurements in the Evaluation of Cushing’s Syndrome

Zilbermint Mihail , Hodes Aaron , Sinaii Ninet , Belyavskaya Elena , Lyssikatos Charalampos , Meyer Jerrold , Lodish Maya , Stratakis Constantine

Context: Hair cortisol has been recently studied to determine evidence of hypercortisolemia in humans. This test may be valuable in estimating cortisol levels, particularly in patients with cyclical Cushing’s syndrome (CS).Objective: To determine correlations with biochemical evidence of CS, and to compare hair cortisol measurements in patients with CS to normative data.Methods: Hair samples from 49 study subjects were collect...

ea0037ep1225 | Clinical Cases–Pituitary/Adrenal | ECE2015

Anaesthesia during petrosal sinus sampling and possible interference with ACTH levels

Keil Margaret , Lodish Maya , Lyssikatos Charalampos , Bhutani Jaikrit , Belyavskaya Elena , Stratakis Constantine

Background: General anaesthesia and surgical intervention in humans are known to affect the function of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis (HPA). In the literature there are conflicting reports about the effect of propofol, a commonly used intravenous anaesthetic agent, on HPA function.Case reports: We report two males (11 and 12 years) with ACTH-dependent Cushing syndrome (CS) who underwent inferior petrosal sinus sampling (IPSS) with gen...

ea0035n6 | (1) | ECE2014

Effects of PRKAR1A mutations in behavior and brain function

Keil Margaret , Lyssikatos Charalampos , Shaikh Moomal , Belyavskaya Elena , Elliott Brenda , Batista Dalia , Stratakis Constantine

Background: Various genetic syndromes have identified distinct and consistent behavior patterns. Carney complex (CNC) is a rare multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome first described by Dr Carney in 1985 as a complex of myxomas (cardiac, skin), spotty skin pigmentation, and endocrine over activity. CNC is caused by mutations of the PRKARIA gene that encodes the RIα regulatory subunit of Protein kinase A (PKA). We recently reported that a Prkar1a heterozyg...

ea0070oc1.7 | Adrenal and Cardiovascular Endocrinology | ECE2020

Comparative proteomic analysis of different bilateral adrenocortical hyperplasia

Berthon Annabel , Cologna Stephanie , Blank Paul , Hannah-Shmouni Fady , Bertherat Jerome , Porter Forbes , Stratakis Constantine

Bilateral Adrenal Hyperplasias (BAH) are responsible for approximately 10% of ACTH-independent Cushing syndrome and are classified as either micronodular or macronodular. Whereas Primary Pigmented Nodular Adrenocortical Disease (PPNAD) and isolated Micronodular Adrenal Disease (iMAD) are two types of micronodular hyperplasia, Primary Macronodular Adrenal Hyperplasia (PMAH) is a macronodular BAH. These tumors are classified differently based on clinical, histological and geneti...