ISSN 1470-3947 (print) | ISSN 1479-6848 (online)

Endocrine Abstracts (2019) 63 P376 | DOI: 10.1530/endoabs.63.P376

Comparative analysis of Hashimoto's and Riedel's thyroiditis morphology and immunohistochemistry

Tamuna Gvianishvili1, Liana Gogiashvili1 & Maguli Chkhobadze2

1Iv. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, A. Natishvili Institute of Morphology, Tbilisi, Georgia; 2Academian Z.Tskhakaia West Georgia National Center of Interventional Medicine, Kutaisi, Georgia.

The issues of Riedel’s Thyroiditis etiology are controversial: There are two different topical pathogenic theories: Riedel’s Thyroiditis as an autoimmune disease or as independent, primary fibroplastic process. Problem is to determine the possibility of malignisation in thyroid parenchym during the autoimmune thyroiditis - Hashimoto and Riedel’s. Just due this questions, In parallel to the routine histological research, has been studied follow markers: 1. Highly sensitive CD56, which is expressed in the normal, non-neoplastic thyroid follicular cells, but its expression decreases in the thyroid neoplasm, especially during the thyroid gland papillary carcinoma (PTC) and 2. Tumor protein p63 (TP63), a member of p53 transcription factors, a stem/progenitor cell regulator, which is determine as precancerous precursor cells. Observation was carried out on operative materials (total number of cases 32) females, with average age ≈37. Riedel’s – n=10, Hashimoto – n=22. Riedel’s and Hashimoto’s comparative study has shown the following results. During Hashimoto’s thyroiditis CD56 negative or weak positive reaction was detected, indicating the existence of probable malignant potential in the tested case. As seen from the results, while the CD56 adhesive factor shows a high affinity in the colloid and in fact a negative receptor response to glandular cells. Especially remarquable is the CD56 negative answer to the displatic districts. In case of PTC (as positive control) CD56 receptor-positive area only found in the colloid and p63 - was positive in the apoptotic nuclei. In the case of Riedel’s thyroiditis in the active fibroplasia transformation of thyroid gland parenchyma, the weak reaction of p63 was shown. Certainly, in Riedel’s thyroiditis p63 protein as the ‘cancer stem cells’ marker receptors do not appear in the thyroid parenchyma, therefore we purpose that Riedel’s type of autoimmune thyroiditis displays minimal malignisation potential. Riedel’s parenchyma, unlike Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, revealed CD56 positive reaction in the colloid, as well as in the papillary carcinoma, and in the follicular cells the expression was not detected. We can conclude, that Riedel’s thyroiditis is characterized by acellular fibrosis and residual follicles background, CD56 negative glandular cells, the negative p63’s receptiveness. The data, obtained by two specific factors, indicates that in Riedel’s thyroiditis, unlike Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, malignant potential and cells transmutation not developes, which indicates at the real prognostic differences between this two major types of autoimmune Thyroid disease.

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